2nd century CE depiction of Zhuanxu.

Zhuanxu (Traditional Chinese; 顓頊; Simplified Chinese: 颛顼; Pinyin: Zhuānxū), also known as Gaoyang (高陽) is a mythological monarch of ancient China.

A grandson of the Yellow Emperor, Zhuanxu led the Shi clan in an eastward migration to present-day Shandong, where intermarriages with the Dongyi clan enlarged and augmented their tribal influences. At age twenty, he became their sovereign, going on to rule for seventy-eight years until his death.

He made contributions to a unified calendar, astrology, religion reforms to oppose shamanism, upheld the patriarchal (as opposed to the previous matriarchal) system, and forbade close-kin marriage. Zhuanxu is held by many to be one of the Five Emperors.

Zhuanxu was succeeded by his cousin's son, Ku. In the Shiji, he criticized one of his sons for being a dullard. Since only two sons were named, it might have been Gun, father of Yu the Great or Qiongchan, the ancestor of Shun. Yao had also criticized Gun for being incompetent and ruinous. The Shiji labelled Qiongchan an insignificant commoner though it does not mention how he fell from grace. He also had eight unnamed sons of good repute that later worked for Shun.

In mythology

Zhuanxu is also mentioned as a Polar Star god and father of Taowu "the Block".

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original article was at Zhuanxu. The list of authors can be seen in the page history.

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