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Zechariah (Hebrew: זְכַרְיָה, Modern Zəḫarya Tiberian Zəḵaryāh, "YHWH has remembered"; Greek: Ζαχαριας; Latin: Zacharias, for more information see Zechariah (given name)) was a person in the Hebrew Bible (Jewish Tanakh) and Christian Old Testament. He was the author of the Book of Zechariah, the eleventh of the twelve minor prophets.
He was a prophet of the two-tribe kingdom of Judah, and like Ezekiel was of priestly extraction. He describes himself ( ) as "the son of Berechiah, the son of Iddo." In Ezra 5:1 and 6:14 he is called "the son of Iddo," who was properly his grandfather. His prophetical career began in the second year of Darius, king of Persia (B.C. 520), about sixteen years after the return of the first company from their Babylonian exile. He was contemporary with Haggai (Ezra 5:1).
In the New Testament Gospel of Matthew, Jesus is quoted as stating that Zechariah son of Barachiah was killed between the altar and the temple. A similar quotation is also found in the Gospel of Luke. Although there is an indication in Targum Lamentations that "Zechariah son of Iddo" was killed in the Temple, scholars generally understand this as a reference to the death of a much earlier figure, Zechariah ben Jehoiada.
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This entry incorporates text from the public domain Easton's Bible Dictionary, originally published in 1897.
- ↑ : "that upon you may come all the righteous blood shed on the earth, from the blood of Abel the righteous unto the blood of Zachariah son of Barachiah, whom ye slew between the sanctuary and the altar." ASV (Public Domain)
- ↑ : "from the blood of Abel unto the blood of Zachariah, who perished between the altar and the sanctuary: yea, I say unto you, it shall be required of this generation." ASV (Public Domain)
- ↑ Targum on Lam 2:20: "Is it right to kill priest and prophet in the Temple of the Lord, as when you killed Zechariah son of Iddo, the High Priest and faithful prophet in the Temple of the Lord on the Day of Atonement because he told you not to do evil before the Lord?" Cited with permission from English translation by C.M.M. Brady at http://www.targum.info/meg/tglam.htm.
- ↑ Brady, 1999, “Targum Lamentations’ Reading of the Book of Lamentations” (1MB pdf), page 116.
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