On Yom Tov (except on Simchat Torah), entire parshas of the Torah are not read in the synagogue. Rather, select portions of parshas, generally pertaining to the holiday are read. These readings are usually shorter than a full parsha.
On all these days, the Maftir is read from a different portion of the Torah. Two Torah scrolls are taken out of the ark. This is because it is difficult and time consuming to roll the scroll to the point where the Maftir is located. The Maftir readings come from the parsha of Pinchas.
The Torah is read on Yom Tov during Shacharit services. There is no reading at Mincha on Yom Tov other than Yom Kippur, unless the day falls on Shabbat, when the regular Shabbat reading for the week is read. The Torah is also read at Mincha on all public fast days.
First two days
Last two days
During the Haftarah of the second day of Shavuot, a liturgical poem called Yetziv Pisgam is inserted following when the first verse is read. The song praises G-d as the Giver of the Torah and Creator of the universe. The beginning of each of the letters of its 15 verses spells out the name of its author, Yaakov the son of Meir Levi.
On Sukkot, Leviticus 22:26-23:44 is read. This reading, is also read on the second day of Sukkot and Passover that are observed in the diaspora. The reading describes journeying to the Beit Hamikdash on the Shalosh Regalim and the counting of the Omer. This makes the reading relevant to all these holidays.
Shemini Atzeret/Simchat Torah
On Shemini Atzeret, Deuteronomy 14:22-16:17 is read. This is also the reading for the eighth day of Passover and the second day of Shavuot that occur only in the diaspora, but when either of these days fall on a day other than Shabbat, the reading is abridged.
On Simchat Torah, the Parsha of V'Zot HaBerachah is read in its entirety.
The Torah is also read during Maariv services on Simchat Torah. This is the only time of year in which a Maariv Torah reading occurs. In the diaspora, where Simchat Torah is a separate day from Shemini Atzeret, Simchat Torah can never fall on Shabbat, and there is no mincha reading for Simchat Torah.
Shabbat Chol Hamoed
When Shabbat occurs on Chol Hamoed of either Sukkot or Passover, Exodus 33:12-34:26 is read. Since this is on Shabbat, it is always divided into seven readings. This reading contains the Thirteen Attributes of Mercy.
During the High Holidays, the Torah is read in a different tune than usual at Shacharit.
At Mincha, it is read in the normal tune. This is because by this time, the congregation is already anticipating a return to normal life.
The Shacharit reading comes from the parsha of Acharei Mot. It begins by describing the deaths of Nadav and Avihu. The purpose of reading this passage is to invoke the sense that Aaron's two son's died for a relatively minor sin, yet the listener, upon hearing this, is supposed to think "I am full of serious sins."
The Mincha reading is also read from Acharei Mot. The portion describes all the forbidden marriages and relationships. The purpose of selecting this reading is to remind the Jewish people, who have just been forgiven for their sins, not to lose control and enter forbidden relationships.
When Rosh Chodesh falls on a weekday, Numbers 28:1-15 is read. When Rosh Chodesh falls on Shabbat, Numbers 28:9-15 is read as the Maftir.
Public fast days
- Torah readings for each Yom Tov day and other special days
- Some or all of this article is forked from Wikipedia. The original article was at Yom Tov Torah readings. The list of authors can be seen in the page history.
- ↑ http://books.google.com/books?id=TsJ8rQFVnJcC&pg=PA141&lpg=PA141&dq=torah+readings+passover&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html
- ↑ The Complete Artscroll Siddur, page 954
- ↑ http://www.chabad.org/holidays/passover/pesach_cdo/aid/372721/jewish/Passover-Torah-Readings.htm
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 http://www.chabad.org/magazine/article_cdo/aid/117218/jewish/Passover-Torah-Readings.htm
- ↑ The Complete Artscroll Siddur, page 962
- ↑ The Complete Artscroll Siddur, page 966
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 The Complete Artscroll Siddur, page 969
- ↑ http://books.google.com/books?id=wkjiO0df0YoC&pg=PA90&dq=%22yetziv+pisgam%22&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html
- ↑ The Complete Artscroll Siddur, page 956
- ↑ The Complete Artscroll Siddur, pages 964,974
- ↑ The Complete Artscroll Siddur, page 960
- ↑ 12.0 12.1 http://books.google.com/books?id=dFFiJEH53m8C&pg=PA213&dq=high+holiday+torah+reading+tune&lr=&as_brr=3&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html