Yarab (Arabic: يعرب, also Ya'rab, Yarob, or Yar'ub, or "Yaarub") is an ancient Arabic personal name. Arab and Islamic genealogies identify Yarab as the grandson of Hud (biblical Eber) and son of Qahtan (biblical Joktan), and the ancestor of the Himyarite kings of Yemen. A similar account places Yarab as Qahtan's grandson (Yarab bin Yashjub bin Qahtan) and holds that he is the forefather of al-'Arab al-'Ariba ("the arab arabs" or "pure arabs"), who are generally identified with the Qahtanites and its two main tribes, the Himyar and the Kahlan. Some legendary accounts relate that Yarab was the first to speak Arabic and that the language was named for him. Shams-i Qais Razi, writing in the 12-13th century CE, traced the origins of Arabic poetry to Ya'rab and he is also credited with having invented the Kufic script.
Ancestor of kings
Yarob (يعرب) is one of greatest Arab kings, he was the first to rule the entire lands of Yemen (southwestern Arabia). He expelled or destroyed the Adites, consolidated the empire of Yemen, and gave to his brothers Oman and Hadhrarmaut. His son was the king Saba or Sheba, the founder of Saba or Sheba kingdom, frequently mentioned in the Qur'an. Yarob descendants ruled Ancient Yemen for more than a 1000 years, and according to Ibn Manzur's Lisān al-Arab, which was a compendium of classical Arabic philology, he was the only one to speak Arabic on Noah's Arc.
Adapted from History of Ibn Khaldun and the Encyclopædia Britannica
Descendant of the Prophet Ishmael, Son of Abraham
The lineage of the Islamic prophet Muhammad was traced by some Arab and Islamic genealogists back to Adam through Ya'rab, who in these accounts is designated the grandson of Nabit, who was the son of Ishmael. For example, Ibn Kathir quoting Mohammed Ibn Ishak in As-Seerah An-Nabawiyyah denotes the part of the lineage of Mohammad from Adnan through to Abraham as follows:
Adnan ibn Udad ibn Muqwim ibn Nahor ibn Terah ibn Ya'rub ibn Yashjub ibn Nabit ibn Ismail ibn Ibrahim Al-Khalil.Note that ibn means "son" and al-Khalil, the appellation appended to Ibrahim (Abraham)'s name means "the Friend of God".
- ↑ van Donzel, 1994, p. 483.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Crosby, 2007, pp. 74-75.
- ↑ Prentiss, 2003, p. 172.
- ↑ Sperl, 1989, p. 209.
- ↑ Sperl et al., 1996, p. 138.
- ↑ Thackston, 2001, p. 7.
- ↑ Abu Khalil, 2004, p. 54.
- ↑ This book contains the life of the Apostle of God: Muhammad was the son of Abd Allah, son of Abdu-l-Mottaleb, son of Hashim, son of Abd Menaf, son of Kussei, son of Kilab, son of Murra, son of Kaab, son of Luei, son of Ghalib, son of Fihr, son of Malik, son of Nadhr, son of Kinana, son of Khuzeima, son of Mudrika, son of Alya, son of Mudhar, son of Nizar, son of Maad, son of Adrian, son of Udd, son of Mukawwam, son of Nahor, son of Teira, son of Yarob, son of Yashyob, son of Nabit, son of Ishmael, son of Abraham, the Friend of God, son of Tara, son of Nahor, son of Sarukh, son of Rau, son of Falih, son of Eiber, son of Shalih, son of Arphakhsad, son of Shem, son of Noah, son of Lamek, son of Metushalakh, son of Khanukh, - who, as is believed, was the prophet Idris, the first prophet, and the first who wrote with the reed, - son of Yared, son of Mahaleel, son of Kainanan, son of Yanish, son of Sheth, son of Adam, to whom may God be gracious!
- Abū Khalīl, Shawqī (2004), Atlas of the Prophet's biography: places, nations, landmarks, Darussalam, ISBN 9960897710, 9789960897714, http://books.google.ca/books?id=mZmBkoDa9fcC&pg=PA54&dq=ya%27rub&lr=#v=onepage&q=ya%27rub&f=false
- Crosby, Elise W. (2007), The history, poetry, and genealogy of the Yemen: the Akhbar of Abid b. Sharya al-Jurhumi: Volume 1 of Gorgias Dissertations in Arabic and Islamic Studies, Gorgias Press LLC, ISBN 1593333943, 9781593333942, http://books.google.ca/books?id=Sf4-kkJqqBwC&pg=PA75&dq=yarub&lr=&as_brr=3#v=onepage&q=&f=false
- Prentiss, Craig R. (2003). Religion and the creation of race and ethnicity: an introduction. NYU Press. ISBN 081476701X, 9780814767016. http://books.google.ca/books?id=ap8wa_YmT2QC&pg=PA172&dq=ya%27rub+arab&lr=#v=onepage&q=ya%27rub%20arab&f=false.
- Sperl, Stefan (1989). Mannerism in Arabic poetry: a structural analysis of selected texts : (3rd century AH/9th century AD-5th century AH/11th century AD) (Illustrated ed.). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521354854, 9780521354851. http://books.google.ca/books?id=QoJXNVsUApMC&pg=PA209&dq=ya%27rub&lr=#v=onepage&q=ya%27rub&f=false.
- Sperl, Stefan; Shackle, C.; Awde (1996). Qasida Poetry in Islamic Asia and Africa: Classical traditions and modern meanings - Volume 20 of Studies in Arabic literature. BRILL. ISBN 9004102957, 9789004102958. http://books.google.ca/books?id=3pbwgOLcwTYC&pg=PA138&dq=ya%27rub&lr=#v=onepage&q=ya%27rub&f=false.
- Thackston, Wheeler McIntosh (2001). Album prefaces and other documents on the history of calligraphers and painters: Volume 10 of Studies in Islamic art and architecture (Illustrated ed.). BRILL. ISBN 9004119612, 9789004119611. http://books.google.ca/books?id=_9d3KJnY2TgC&pg=PA7&dq=ya%27rub&lr=#v=onepage&q=ya%27rub&f=false.
- van Donzel, E. J. (1994). Islamic desk reference (Illustrated ed.). BRILL. ISBN 9004097384, 9789004097384. http://books.google.ca/books?id=zHxsWspxGIIC&pg=PA483&dq=ya%27rub+arab&lr=#v=onepage&q=ya%27rub%20arab&f=false.