Elected Trappes Scholar at Lincoln College, Oxford, 25 May, 1571, he supplicated B.A., 18 June, 1574. The same year he followed the rector, John Bridgewater, to Douai College. He accompanied the college to Reims, and returned there after a severe operation at Namur, 22 November, 1578.
He took the college oath at the English College, Rome, 23 April, 1579, where he was ordained priest. On 26 March, 1581, he left Rome, arriving at Reims 13 May, and resuming his journey 22 May.
Betrayed by an apostate Catholic on Christmas Day, 1582, and thrown into an underground dungeon, he was put into double irons. After examination before the Dean of York and the Council of the North, he was arraigned at the Lent Assizes.
The account of his trial states that he was arraigned on two counts. He might have been on trial on three, namely:
- under 13 Eliz. c. 2 for having brought papal writings, to wit his certificate of ordination, into the realm;
- under 13 Eliz. c. 3. for having gone abroad without royal license; and
- under 23 Eliz. c. 1. for having reconciled John Wright and one Couling.
On what counts he was found guilty does not clearly appear, but he was certainly guilty of the second.
- Bede Camm, Lives of the English Martyrs, II (London, 1904-5), 600-634
- Joseph Gillow, Bibl. Dict. Eng. Cath.
- Statutes at Large, II (London, 1786-1800)
- Richard Challoner, Missionary Priests, I (Edinburgh, 1877), n. 19.