Poseidon sculpture Copenhagen 2005

Poseidon, Greek god of seas and waters

A water deity is a deity in mythology associated with water or various bodies of water. Water deities are common in mythology and were usually more important among civilizations in which the sea or ocean, or a great river was more important. Another important focus of worship of water deities were springs or holy wells.

List of water deities

Aztec mythology

Ainu mythology

Canaanite mythology

Celtic mythology

Chinese mythology

  • Gong Gong, water god who is responsible for the great floods, together with his associate, Xiang Yao
  • Mazu, water goddess and protector of sailors

Egyptian mythology

  • Anti, god of ferrymen
  • Hapy, god of the annual flooding of the river Nile
  • Khnum, god of creation and the waters
  • Nu, deification of the primordial watery abyss
  • Sobek, crocodile god of the Nile river, warfare and fertility
  • Wadj-wer, fertility god and personification of the Mediterranean Sea
  • Tefnut, a goddess of rain

Fijian mythology

Finnish mythology

  • Ahti, god of the depths and fish
  • Iku-Turso, a malevolent sea monster
  • Vedenemo, a goddess of water
  • Vellamo, the wife of Ahti, goddess of the sea, lakes and storms.

Greek mythology

  • Aegaeon, god of violent sea storms and ally of the Titans
  • Akheilos, shark-shaped sea spirit
  • Amphitrite, sea goddess and consort of Poseidon
  • Anapos, water god of eastern Sicily
  • Brizo, goddess of sailors
  • Carcinus, a giant crab who allied itself with the Hydra against Heracles. When it died, Hera placed it in the sky as the constellation Cancer.
  • Ceto, goddess of the dangers of the ocean and of sea monsters
  • Charybdis, a sea monster and spirit of whirlpools and the tide
  • Cymopoleia, a daughter of Poseidon and goddess of giant storm waves
  • Delphin, the leader of the dolphins, Poseidon placed him in the sky as the constellation Delphin
  • Doris, goddess of the sea's bounty
  • Eidothea, prophetic sea nymph and daughter of Proteus
  • Electra, Oceanid, consort of Thaumas
  • Eurybia, goddess of the mastery of the seas
  • Galene (Γαλενε), goddess of calm seas
  • Glaucus, the fisherman's sea god
  • Gorgons, three monstrous sea spirits
  • The Graeae, three ancient sea spirits who personified the white foam of the sea; they shared one eye and one tooth between them
  • The Harpies, winged spirits of sudden, sharp gusts of wind
  • Hippocampi, the horses of the sea
  • The Ichthyocentaurs, a pair of centaurine sea-gods with the upper bodies of men, the lower fore-parts of horses, ending in the serpentine tails of fish
    • Bythos
    • Aphros
  • Ladon, a hundred-headed sea serpent who guarded the western reaches of the sea, and the island and golden apples of the Hesperides
  • Leucothea, a sea goddess who aided sailors in distress
  • Nerites, watery consort of Aphrodite and/or beloved of Poseidon
  • Nereus, the old man of the sea, and the god of the sea's rich bounty of fish
  • Nymphs
  • Oceanus, Titan god of the Earth-encircling river Okeanos, the font of all the Earth's fresh-water
  • Pan,Patron God of fishing
  • Palaemon, a young sea god who aided sailors in distress
  • Phorcys, god of the hidden dangers of the deep
  • Pontus, primeval god of the sea, father of the fish and other sea creatures
  • Poseidon, king of the sea and lord of the sea gods; also god of rivers,storms, flood and drought, earthquakes, and horses. His Roman equivalent is Neptune.
  • Potamoi, deities of rivers, fathers of Naiads, brothers of the Oceanids, and as such, the sons of Oceanus and Tethys.
  • Proteus, a shape-shifting, prophetic old sea god, and the herdsman of Poseidon's seals
  • Psamathe, goddess of sand beaches
  • Scylla, a Nereid metamorphosed into a sea monster
  • The Sirens, three sea nymphs who lured sailors to their death with their song
  • The Telchines, sea spirits native to the island of Rhodes; the gods killed them when they turned to evil magic
  • Tethys, wife of Okeanos, and the mother of the rivers (Potamoi), springs, streams, fountains and clouds
  • Thalassa, primeval spirit of the sea and consort of Pontos
  • Thaumas, god of the wonders of the sea and father of the Harpies and the rainbow goddess Iris
  • Thetis, leader of the Nereids who presided over the spawning of marine life in the sea
  • Triteia, daughter of Triton and companion of Ares
  • Triton, fish-tailed son and herald of Poseidon
  • Tritones, fish-tailed spirits in Poseidon's retinue

Haitian Vodou

  • Agwé, a loa who rules over the sea, fish, and aquatic plants, as well as the patron loa of fishermen and sailors
  • Clermeil, the loa who made rivers flood their banks
  • Pie, a soldier-loa who lives at the bottoms of lakes and rivers and causes floods

Hawaiian mythology

  • Kamohoalii, shark god
  • Nāmaka, sea goddess
  • Ukupanipo, shark god who controls the amount of fish close enough for the fisherman to catch

Hindu/Vedic mythology


Varuna, the Lord of the oceans

Incan mythology

  • Pariacaca, god of water and rainstorms
  • Paricia, god who sent a flood to kill humans who did not respect him adequately

Inuit mythology

Japanese mythology

Lithuanian mythology

Lusitanian mythology

  • Borvo, a healing deity associated with bubbling spring water
  • Durius, a river god associated with the Douro river
  • Nabia, goddess of rivers and lakes

Māori mythology

  • Ikatere, a fish god, the father of all the sea creatures including mermaids
  • Tangaroa, god of the sea

Mesopotamian mythology

  • Enbilulu, god of rivers and canals
  • Enki, god of water and of the River Tigris
  • Marduk, god associated with water, vegetation, judgment, and magic
  • Sirsir, god of mariners and boatmen

Norse/Germanic mythology

  • Aegir, personification of the sea
  • Rán, sea goddess of love who collects the drowned in a net
  • Njord, god of the sea, particularly of seafaring
  • Nerthus, goddess of lakes, springs, holy waters
  • Nix, water spirits who usually appear in human form

Pirate lore

Roman mythology

Slavic mythology

  • Bagiennik, water demons who lived in lakes and rivers
  • Rusalki, female ghosts, water nymphs, succubi or mermaid-like demons that dwell in waterways.
  • Veles, god of earth, waters, and the underworld

Tonga (Zambezi Valley Zimbabwe)

Yoruba, Afro-American religion, Santería,Orisha worship, IFA

  • Yemaja,or Yemaya goddess of the ocean, the essence of motherhood, and a protector of children
  • Mami Wata, a pantheon of water deities
  • Oshun, deity of rivers, beauty, sensuality. In Santería she also represents wealth
  • Okie, deity of lakes, daughter of Obatala
  • Olokun, deity of the oceans often synchronized with Poseidon or Neptune

Igbo, African religion

  • Idemili, goddess of a river
  • Uhammiri/ Ogbuide, a lake goddess
  • Urashi/ Okita, a river god
  • Ava, a pair of river goddess and god

See also

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