Vladislav the Grammarian (Bulgarian: Владислав Граматик) (also V. Grammatik, V. Gramatik, V. Grammaticus) fifteenth-century Bulgarian monk, writer, historian and theologian. His collections of manuscrips constitute a compendium of translations and original Bulgarian texts produced between the 13th and 15th centuries. Khristova has arranged some of the Vladislav's texts chronologically, starting with the 1465 Collection followed by the Zagreb Collection (1469), the Adrianti Collection (1473), the Rila Panegyric (1479) and two other collections of texts compiled in the 1470s and 1480s respectively.[1]

Alleged Writings

♦ Major revision in the thirteenth century of The Book of the Secrets of Enoch referring to Satan also apocalyptic myth (Satanail, Sotona)[2][3]
♦ On Sveti Ivan's (St Yoan's) relics to Rila Monastery (Bulgaria).[4] For centuries the Rila Monastery (Bulgaria) has been the centre of intensive literacy activities. Outstanding educators, anonymous copyists, manuscript illuminators and book-binders spent years working there. As a result of their work today the library collection is one of the richest in the Balkans.
♦ Sermons and lives of saints, St John of Rila (d.946) (The Story of Rila, 1479).[5] Translation at Monastery of Matejca near Kumanovo with the help[6] of Mara Branković (of Serbia, daughter of George Brankovic, sister of Stefan Lazarevic, known to Greeks as Maria).[7]
The Life of Constantine the Philosopher (1469);[8][9] Khazar Polemic: 1469 version of the The Life of Constantine of Thessalonica, St. Cyril',' written in the ninth century;
♦ Naratives on Symeon's sponsorship of Greek translations and his re-installation as kana subigi at the Pliska conventus[10] (see also Simeon I of Bulgaria).

Bogomil heresy

In Zhitie (also Vita, 1362) - part of Vladislav's Rila Panegyrik St Teodosi[11] was portrayed as solitary hermit, particularly active against Bogomil heresy.[12] Bogomils, preached restraint and ascetism, but also argued that the state and all of its activities were derived from the evil side of a dualistic universe, whilst the world of the soul and the spirit were product of 'good'; thus there was no sin in lack of respect or lack of commitment to the state.[13]

Other grammarians

  • Patanjali[14][15] see also Yoga Sutras of Patanjali;
  • Bhartrhari live in the tenth century B.C. Being both a grammarian and philosopher, his influence on subsequent grammatical and philosophical thought in India has been enormous;[16]
  • Castor (~200 BC) lost accounts as well as the Eusebius chronicle which was translated in Latin by St. Jerome (AD 365).[17] St. Jerome is considered the creator of the Glagolitic alphabet in 4th century;
  • Callistratus (grammarian)
  • Sextus Empiricus is one of the most important ancient philosophical writers after Plato and Aristotle. His writings are our main source for the doctrines and methods of Scepticism. He probably lived in the second century AD. Eleven books of his writings have survived, covering logic, physics, ethics, and many other fields. Against the Grammarians is the first book of Sextus' Adversus Mathematicos, his broad-ranging polemic against the various liberal studies of classical learning;[18]
  • Lucious Aelius Stilo, Rome's first native-born grammarian and antiquarian;[19]
  • The Byzantine Grammarians: Michael Syncellus, Gregory of Corinth, John Glykys, Maximus Planudes;[20]
  • Medieval grammarians: Winfreth-Boniface (Praefatio ad Sigibertum), Virgilus Maro Grammaticus;[21]


  1. Khristova, B., Opis na rakopisete na Vladislav Grammatik (Catalogue of manuscript texts by Vladislav The Grammarian) 1996, Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgarian
  2. The Old Enemy by Neil Forsyth (1989) p.242
  3. André Vaillant, Le Livre des Secrets d’Henoch (University of Paris: Institut d’Etudes Slaves (1952)
  4. Bulgaria, a Travel Guide (Pelican International Guide Series) by Philip Ward (1991) p242
  5. History of European Literature by Annick Benoit (2000) p.173
  6. Byzantine Style, Religion and Civilization: In Honour of Sir Steven Runciman by Elizabeth Jeffreys (2006) pp.83-5
  7. The Byzantine Lady: Ten Portraits, 12501500 (Canto) by Donald M. Nicol (1994) p.110
  8. Sex and Society in the World of the Orthodox Slavs, 900-1700 by Eve Levin (1995) p.64
  9. Selected Writings: Early Slavic Paths and Crossroads/Volume 6 Part 2 by Roman Jakobson (1985) pp.207-239
  10. Byzantine Style, Religion and Civilization: In Honour of Sir Steven Runciman by Elizabeth Jeffreys (2006)
  11. The Orthodox Church in the Byzantine Empire (Oxford History of the Christian Church) by J. M. Hussey (1990) p. 163
  12. Religious Quest and National Identity in the Balkans (Studies in Russian & Eastern European History) by Celia Hawkesworth, Muriel Heppell, and Harry Norris (2001) pp.131-2
  13. A Short History of Modern Bulgaria by R. J. Crampton, Cambridge University Press (1987) pp.4-5
  14. The Yoga-Sutra of Patanjali by Georg Feuerstein. Inner Traditions International (1989)
  15. Yoga, Power, and Spirit: Patanjali the Shaman by Alberto Villoldo, Hay House (2007)
  16. Bhartrhari (Philosopher and Grammarian) by Saroja Bhate and Johannes Bronkorst Motilal Banarsidass,India; 1st Indian ed edition (1997)
  17. The History of the Ancient World: From the Earliest Accounts to the Fall of Rome by Susan Wise Bauer, W. W. Norton (2007)
  18. Sextus Empiricus: Against the Grammarians (Adversus Mathematicos I) (Clarendon Later Ancient Philosophers) Oxford University Press (1998)
  19. Cicero: The Life and Times of Rome's Greatest Politician Random House Trade Paperbacks (2003)
  20. The Byzantine Grammarians: Their Place in History (Trends in Linguistics: Studies and Monographs), Mouton De Gruyter (1993)
  21. Grammar and Grammarians in the Early Middle Ages, Addison Wesley Publishing Company (1997)

See also

hu:Vladiszlav Gramatik sr:Владислав Граматик

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