A vitandus (Latin for "one to be avoided") excommunicate was someone affected by a rare and grave form of excommunication, in which the Church ordered, as a remedial measure, that the faithful were not to associate with him "except in the case of husband and wife, parents, children, servants, subjects", and in general unless there was some reasonable excusing cause.
Since the coming into effect of the 1983 Code of Canon Law, this form of excommunication is no longer envisaged in the canon law of the Catholic Church. The 1917 Code still included it, imposing it automatically (a latae sententiae excommunication) on anyone who did physical violence to the Pope himself, and declaring that, with that one exception, "nobody is a vitandus excommunicate unless the Apostolic See has excommunicated him by name and has proclaimed the excommunication publicly and in the decree has stated expressly that he must be avoided".
The most notable case in the 20th century of excommunication with the effect of making the person a vitandus was that of the priest Alfred Loisy.
- ↑ A Modern Catholic Dictionary (1980)
- ↑ Canon 2343 §1 1 of the 1917 Code of Canon Law
- ↑ Canon 2258 §2 of the 1917 Code of Canon Law
- ↑ "Excommunication". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913. http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Catholic_Encyclopedia_(1913)/Excommunication.
- ↑ Michael W. Cuneo: The Smoke of Satan: Conservative and Traditionalist Dissent in Contemporary American Catholicism (JHU Press, 1999 ISBN 0801862655, 9780801862656), pp. 121–134
- ↑ Time magazine, Pope Clement XV (15 March 1971)