Vijjā-carana: knowledge and conduct'. This expression occurs in those passages in the suttas where the qualities of a Buddha are described, namely: Truly, the Blessed One is holy, is fully enlightened, perfect in knowledge and conduct...; According to Vis.M VII, 1 and D. 3, knowledge vijjā refers here either to the 3-fold knowledge see: te-vijjā or to the 8 kinds of knowledge, namely: the 6 higher spiritual powers abhiññā, insight vipassanā, and magical power iddhi, whilst conduct carana refers to 15 things: moral restraint, watching over the sense-doors, moderation in eating, wakefulness, faith, moral shame, Fear of Wrongdoing, great learning, energy, awareness or mindfulness, understanding and the 4 absorptions.


Maha Thera Nyanatiloka. Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines, Buddhist Publication Society, first edition 1952.

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