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Vidyadhar

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The 10th Guru, Guru Gobind Singh kept 52 Bards permantly in his employ and others occasionaly visited him. They wrote on all the nine subjects which in the opinion of Orientals are suitable for poetry (Love, Mirth, Pity, Anger, Heroism, Terror, Hate, Wonder and Contentment); but the composition of eulogies on the Guru occupied most of their attention. The Guru once had the curiosity to weigh their compositions. They amounted to about two and a half hundred weight. The Guru included them in a compilation which he called Vidyadhar. He so valued the book that he ever kept it with him - even when he went into battle - but it was lost in one of his engagements. Some of the bards' compositions are preserved in the Suraj Parkash.


Names of 52 poets

of Guru Gobind Singh jee’s Darbaar.

  • 1 Amrat Rai
  • 2 Ani Rai
  • 3 Asa Singh
  • 4 Attu (or Allu)
  • 5 Balam (or Ballu Bhatt)
  • 6 Bhudhi Chand
  • 7 Bihari
  • 8 Braj Lal
  • 9 Brikh (or Brikha)
  • 10 Buland
  • 11 Bullo (or Ballabh)
  • 12 Chanda
  • 13 Chandan
  • 14 Dahkan( or Tahikan)
  • 15 Dhanna Singh
  • 16 Dharam Singh
  • 17 Dhyan Singh
  • 18 Gania (or Gunia)
  • 19 Gopal
  • 20 Gurdas
  • 21 Haer (or Hir Bhatt)
  • 22 Hans Rao (or Hans Ram)
  • 23 Hussain Ali
  • 24 Iswar Das
  • 25 Jamaal
  • 26 Kallu
  • 27 Khan Chand
  • 28 Kunvresh
  • 29 Maan Das
  • 30 Madan Gir
  • 31 Madan Singh
  • 32 Makhan
  • 33 Mangal
  • 34 Mathura
  • 35 Mulla Singh
  • 36 Mullo (or Mal Bhatt)
  • 37 Nand Lal "Goya"
  • 38 Nand Singh
  • 39 Nanu (or Nan Vairagi)
  • 40 Nihal Chand
  • 41 Nihchal Das (or Nihchal Faqir)
  • 42 Ram
  • 43 Ratee Rai
  • 44 Raval
  • 45 Roshan Singh
  • 46 Senapati
  • 47 Shyam
  • 48 Sudama
  • 49 Sukh Dev
  • 50 Sukha Singh
  • 51 Sukhia
  • 52 Uday Rai


Out of these poets some writings of Bhai Nand Lal “Goya”, Ani Rai and Senapati have survived and are available.

Names of some other poets are:

  • Adha
  • Alim
  • Bhagatu
  • Bhoj Raj
  • Brahm Bhatt
  • Desu Bhatt
  • Devi Das
  • Girdhari Lal
  • Gurdas Guni
  • Hari Das
  • Jado Rai
  • Kashi Ram
  • Kesho Bhatt
  • Lakkhan Rai
  • Lal Khiali
  • Madhu
  • Mir Chhabila
  • Mir Mushki
  • Pandit Nand Lal
  • Nand Ram
  • Narbud Bhatt
  • Phat Mall
  • Pindi Lal
  • Prahilad Rai
  • Pandit Raghunath
  • Sharda
  • Sundar
  • Tansukh
  • Thakar


References

  • Macauliffe, M.A (1909). The Sikh Religion: Its Gurus Sacred Writings and Authors. Low Price Publications. ISBN 8175361328.
  • Ranvir (). Yugpurush. . ISBN.

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