Umm Kulthum bint Ali (Arabic: أم كلثوم بنت علي) was the fourth child of Ali ibn Abu Talib (the first Shi’a Imam and fourth Sunni Caliph) and Fatima Zahra, the daughter of Muhammad.
Umm Kulthūm bint Ali was the 4th child of Ali and Fatima. Her believed marriage to the Caliph Umar al-Khattab is the cause of much contention between the Sunni and the Shiites. The reason for this is that Caliph Umar al-Khattab is considered to be a disrespected character by the Shi'as and therefore unworthy of the daughter of Ali, Even though, that Umm Kulthum bint Ali had a son from Umar named him Zayd ibn Omar ibn al-Khattab (famously known as Ibnul Khalifatayn; the son of the two Caliphs i.e. Umar and Ali), and a daughter named her Ruqayyah bint Umar
Shī‘ah believe that the wife of Umar was Umm Kulthūm bint Abi Bakr, regardless the fact that Umm Kulthum bint Abi Bakr's mother was Habeebah bint Khaarijah and not Asmaa bint Umais. Thus she was only a half sister to Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr and she didn't go to the house of Ali upon the death of her father because her mother didn't marry Ali, rather Asmaa bint Umais married Ali ibn Abi Talib and she went into the household of Ali ibn Abi Talib together with her son Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr.
"Umar ibn Adheena asked the Shī‘ah Imām, Ja‘far al-Sādiq, “People claim that Ali married his daughter to such a person”. The Imam, who was until then sitting down, stood up and said angrily, "Whoever holds such a viewpoint is misled." Subhanallah! Was Imam 'Ali unable to free his daughter from their clutches? He could have stood between them and her to protect, they have fabricated a lie."
After the death of Umar she was married to her cousin Awn ibn Jafar, and after his death to his brother Muhammad ibn Jafar. Ultimately she died while married to a third of the sons of Jafar, namely Abdullah during the first half of the fourth decade after the Hijrah. Her son Zayd ibn al-Khattab died on the same day as his mother, and the funeral prayer for mother and son was performed together.
Umm Kulthum was the second daughter of Ali and Fatimah, and the youngest of their children. She was born in about the year 6 Hijrah. She became of marriageable age during the khilafah of Umar ibn al-Khattab, and the khalifah asked for her hand in marriage. This is recorded by Ibn Sa‘d in his work at-Tabaqat al-Kubra (vol. 8 p. 338, ed. Muhammad 'Ab al-Qadir ‘Ata, Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, Beirut 1990) as follows:
I was informed by Anas ibn ‘Iyad al-Laythi, who reports on the authority of Ja‘far ibn Muhammad [as-Sadiq], and he from his father [Muhammad al-Baqir] that Umar ibn al-Khattab asked Ali ibn Abi Talib for the hand of Umm Kulthum in marriage. Ali said, "I had kept my daughters for the sons of Ja‘far." Umar said, "Marry her to me, O Abul Hasan, for by Allah, there is no man on the face of the earth who seeks to achieve through her good companionship that which I seek to achieve." Ali said, "I have done so."
Then Umar came to the Muhajirun between the grave of Muhammad and the pulpit. They i.e. Ali, Uthman, Zubayr, Talhah and Abd ar-Rahman used to sit there, and whenever a matter used to arrive from the frontiers, Umar used to come to them there and consult with them. He came to them and said, "Congratulate me." They congratulated him, and asked, "With whom are we congratulating you, O Amir al-Muminin?" He replied, "With the daughter of Ali ibn Abi Talib."
Then he related to them that Muhammad said, "Every tie of kinship, and every association will be cut off on the Day of Judgment, except my kinship and my association." [Umar said,] "I have had the companionship of the Messenger of Allah; I would like also to have this [kinship]." Two children were born from this marriage, namely Zaid and Ruqayyah. After the death of Umar she was married to her cousin Awn ibn Jafar, and after his death to his brother Muhammad ibn Jafar.
Ultimately she died while married to a third of the sons of Jafar, namely Abdullah during the first half of the fourth decade after the Hijrah. Her son Zaid died on the same day as his mother, and the funeral prayer for mother and son was performed together.
Furthermore, Sunnis use 3 narrations from Shia sources (of which 2 have been authenticated by Muhammad Baqir Majlisi) to prove to the Shia the marriage of Umar and Umm Kulthum (daughter of Ali). Of course Sunnis believe those narrations to be false but only quote for those who may want to insist that the marriage never took place or that she was not the daughter of Ali.
|This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original article was at Umm Kulthum bint Ali. The list of authors can be seen in the page history.|