Tyari (Assyrian: ṭyareh ܛܝܪܐ) is an Assyrian region in the Hakkari province of modern day Turkey. The area is split between upper and lower Tyari with each consisting of several Assyrian villages.[1][2][3] Before 1915, Tyari was home to the Christian Assyrians from Tyari tribe. Following the Assyrian Genocide, Tyarayeh, along with other Assyrians residing in Hakkari, were forced to leave their villages in Turkey and flee to Iraq, Iran, Syria, and to western countries.


Tyari is said to be a variation of the ancient "Autiyara".[4] An inscription by the Persian King Dariush (521-486) states that his forces defeated one of his enemies in the Assyrian district of "Autiyara" which is the Christian Assyrian "Tiyari" in the mountains a short distance form Nineveh where until World War I lived Assyrians known as "Tyaraye" meaning the people of Tyari.


Tyari consists of several villages named after the tribe or clan the village belonged to.[5]

Lower Tyari:

Upper Tyari:



Traditional clothing from the region of Tyari

  • About the national dress worn by the Tiyari men in the Bakuba camp Brigadier-Gen Austin wrote; "Fine upstanding fellows they are, ...their legs, encased in long loose baggy trousers of a greyish hue originally, but so patched all over with bits of blue, red, green and other colors that their pants are veritable patch work. A broad cloth, "Kammar band," or waist band, is folded several times round the trunk of the body, and a short cut-away jacket of amazing colors, worn over a thin cotton variegated shirt. The head-dress consists of conical felt cap as depicted in frescoes of Assyrians of thousands of years ago, and which has survived to this day."[6]
  • "There are 115 guests today. Among them are a number of Tyari men, whose wild looks, combined with the splendour of their dress and arms, are of great interest. Their jackets are one mass of gold embroidery, their shirts, with hanging sleeves, are striped satin; their trousers, of sailor cut, are silk, made from the cocoons of their own silkworms, woven with broad crimson stripes on a white ground, on which is a zigzag pattern; and their handsome jackboots are of crimson leather. With their white or red peaked felt hats and twisted silk pagris or head-cloths, their rich girdles, jewelled daggers, and inlaid pistols, they are very imposing." [7]

Famous Tyari Assyrians

See also


  3. Assyrian villages in Hakkari Assyrian villages in Hakkari
  4. Olmstead, History of the Persian Empire, University of Chicago Press, 1970, p. 114
  5. Assyrians Of The Van District During The Rule Of Ottoman Turks. M.Y.A . Lilian. 1914.
  6. Brigadier-Gen. H.H. Austin, "The Baqubah Refugee Camp", The Faith Press, london 1920.
  7. Bird, Isabella. "Journeys in Persia and Kurdistan, including a summer in the Upper Karun region and a visit to the Nestorian rayahs". John Murray, London. 1891.

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