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Treaty of Hudaibiyyah

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Part of a series of articles on

Muhammad callig
Prophet of Islam
Muhammad


Life
Family tree · In Mecca · In Medina · Conquest of Mecca · The Farewell Sermon · Succession


Career
Diplomacy · Family · Wives · Military leadership


Succession
Farewell Pilgrimage · Ghadir Khumm · Pen and paper · Saqifah · General bay'ah


Interactions with
Slaves · Jews · Christians


Perspectives
Muslim (Poetic and Mawlid) · Medieval Christian · Historicity · Criticism · Depictions

In Dhul-Qadah 6 AH (March 628), responding to a call issued in a Quranic revelation to him (48:27), Muhammad [1] set out from Medina with 1,000 men to make the pilgrimage to Mecca. The party was unarmed and dressed in the Ihram, or garb of the pilgrim.


Treaty of Hudaybiyya

Ten miles from Mecca at a place called Hudaybiyya, the Meccan Quraysh tribe stopped the pilgrims and attempted to turn them back. Parleys between the two groups finally led to the "Peace of Hudaybiyya", or Treaty of Hudaybiyya whereby the Muslims would be allowed to make pilgrimage to Mecca not that year but in the following year. The Peace also put into place a truce which was to have lasted ten years.

The Quraysh were true to their word. The Muslims were allowed into Mecca the following year to perform a three day pilgrimage.

This event was seen as a triumph for the Muslims and a sign that they had reached parity with their enemies, the Quraysh of Mecca.

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