Archbishop Torkom Manoogian was born on February 16, 1919, in a refugee camp near the desert town of Baquba, north of Baghdad, Iraq. He was ordained into the diaconate on August 2, 1936, by Patriarch Torkom Koushagian. At his ordination as a priest on July 23, 1939, he was given the name Torkom. Manoogian served as Primate of the Eastern Diocese of the United States. He was elected 96th Armenian Patriarch of Jerusalem on March 22, 1990 and enthroned on November 1.