Kodungaloor Mar Thoma Church

Mar Thoma Church, Kodungaloor. The new church is built where it is believed that the first of the seven churches was built by St. Thomas in AD 52.

This is a timeline of the history of Christians in India.

Ancient Era

Portuguese Era

  • May 20, 1498 Arrival of Vasco da Gama
  • 1504 Bishop Mar Yacob (Kodungalloor)
  • June 6, 1542 Francis Xavier's preaching
  • 1555 Bishop Mar Joseph takes charge.
  • February 4, 1557 Pope Paul IV, established, by his famous Bull "Pro Excellento Praeeminentia",Diocese of Cochin.
  • 1564 Mar Abraham appointed Archbishop of Angamaly (Pope Pius IV)
  • August 29, 1567 Establishment of Archdiocese of Angamaly as Metropolitan see
  • 1597 Mar Abraham the last Syrian Bishop died. Buried at the Church of St. Hormice, Angamaly.
  • June 20-June 26, 1599 Synod of Diamper
  • November 5, 1599 Francis Rose S.J. nominated first Latin Bishop of Syrians.
  • August 4, 1600 Extension of the Rule of Padroado on Syrians.
  • December 7, 1603 Angamaly Synod
  • December 3, 1609 Seat of the Archdiocese of Angamaly moved to Kodungalloor.

Era of Divisions

  • December 22, 1610 Archbishop Menezes of Goa restricts the jurisdiction of the Metropolitan of St. Thomas Christians from the north of Malabar to the south.
  • January 3, 1653, Coonan Cross Oath at Mattancherry, near Kochi at the time of Garcia S.J.
  • December, 1647 Archbishop Garcia Appoints Fr. Jerome Furtado as Vicar General in place of the traditional Archdeacon
  • May 22, 1653 Episcopal ordination of Thomas the Archdeacon at Alangad by 12 priests of St. Thomas Christians
  • December 3, 1659 Vicariate Apostolic of Malabar (Verapoly) erected by Pope Alexander VII.
  • December 15, 1659 Episcopal Ordination of Italian Sebastiani OCD.
  • December 17, 1659 Bishop Sebastiani OCD takes charge as Administrator of Malabar.
  • December 24, 1659 Bishop Sebastiani OCD given power to ordain a Bishop in Malabar by Pope Alexander VII through the Apostolic Letter Pro Commissa Nobis.
  • 1663 The conquest of Portuguese territories in Malabar and especially of Cochin by the Dutch and the all Catholic Missionaries including Bishop Sebastiani OCD were expelled from the territories occupied by the Dutch.
  • February 1, 1663 Fr. Alexander Palliveettil (Parambil Chandy, Alexander de Campo) appointed the first Syrian Vicar Apostolic Malpan of Malabar.
  • 1665-1671 Spread of Jacobite Faith by Mar Gregorios in Malabar.
  • January 2, 1687 Bishop Alexander Palliveettil (Parambil Chandy, Alexander de Campo)passes away.
  • June 29, 1704 John Ribeiro S. J. appointed Abp. of Kodungalloor (Padroado)
  • March 13, 1709 Suppression of Vicariate Apostolic of Malabar and Vicariate Apostolic of Verapoly erected by Pope Clement XI.
  • July 16, 1782 Mar Joseph Kariyatty appointed Archbishop of Kodungalloor by Padroado.
  • December 16, 1782 Rome approves Mar Joseph Kariyatty as Archbishop of Kodungalloor.
  • February 17, 1783 Episcopal ordination of Mar Joseph Kariyatty at Lisbon, Porgugal.
  • September 10, 1786 Archbishop Kariyatty dies in Goa. Paremmakkal Thoma Kathanar appointed Gubernador (Administrator) of the Archdiocese of Kodungalloor.
  • February 1, 1787 Angamaly Padiyola
  • March 20, 1799 Paremmakkal Thoma Kathanar dies.
  • February 10, 1805 Birth of Kuriakose Elias Chavara at Kainakary, Alappuzha.

Arrival of the Protestants and further splits

File:Saint Kuriakose.jpg
  • 1818 Arrival of the CMS Missionaries.
  • May 11, 1831 Foundation of the first indigenous religious congreation (CMI) at Mannanam by Frs. Thomas Palackal, Thomas Porookara and Kuriakose Elias Chavara.
  • 1833 Establishment of the Seminary at Mannanam.
  • April 24, 1838 The Metropolitan See of Kodungalloor (Angamaly)and the See of Cochin were suppressed and territory is added to Vicariate Apostolic of Verapoly by the Brief “Multa Praeclara” of Pope Gregory XVI.
  • June 8, 1861 Fr. Kuriakos Elias Chavara appointed Vicar General for Syrians.
  • February 13, 1866 Foundation of the first indigenous religious congreation for women(CMC) at Koonammavu.
  • August 13, 1866 Establishment of Seminary at Puthenpally.
  • 1866 Purchase of Land in the name of Parayil Varky Tharakan at Mangalappuzha near Aluva.
  • January 3, 1871 Death of Kuriakose Elias Chavara
  • August 1, 1874 Mar Meuls arrives in Kerala.
  • October 25, 1874 Mar Meuls excommunicated by Rome. Origin of Suryis of Thrisur.
  • April 26, 1876 Birth of Sr. Mariam Thressia at Puthenchira, Thrisur
  • 1876 Marthoma Church of Thiruvalla (Reformers of the Jacobite Church under the leadership of Palakkunnathu Mathews Mar Athanasius who was excommunicated by Jacobite Patriarch)
  • October 12, 1877 Episcopal ordination of Bishop Marcellinus OCD.
  • October 17, 1877 Birth of Sr. Euphrasia (Rose) at Kattur, in the parish Edathuruthy, Thrisur
  • November 15, 1877 Bishop Marcellinus OCD made ruler of the Syrians.
  • March 19, 1878 Bishop Marcellinus OCD commences his reign.
  • June 23, 1886 See of Cochin was restored by Pope Leo XIII.
  • September 1, 1886 Establishment of the Latin Hierarchy in India by Pope Leo XIII by the Decree Humanae Salutis Auctor. Vicariate Apostolic of Verapoly elevated to Archdiocese of Verapoly.

Era of Self-governance

  • May 20, 1887 Two independent Vicariates of Kottayam(present Changanaseri1) and Thrisur2 for Syrians; Charles Lavigne and Adolf Medlycott were made Vicar Apostolic respectively (Quod Jampridem, Pope Leo XIII).
  • December 14, 1888 Foundation of Franciscan Clarist Congregation (FCC) at Changanaseri
  • September 16, 1890 Seat of Kottayam Vicariate moved to Changanaseri.
  • April 1, 1891 Birth of Augustine Thevarparampil (Kunjachan) at Ramapuram, Kottayam.
  • June 24, 1892 Foundation of Sisters of the Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary (SVM) at Kaipuzha, Kottayam.
  • July 28, 1896 Vicariate of Ernakulam3 created, with territories from both Vicariates of Changanaseri and Thrissur and Mar Aloysius Pazheparambil, Mar Mathew Makkil, and Mar John Menachery were made the bishops respectively (Quae Rei Sacrae, Pope Leo XIII).
  • December 8, 1908 Foundation of Sisters of Adoration of the Blessed Sacrament (SABS) at Champakulam, Changanaseri
  • January 1, 1911 Foundation of Sacred Heart Congregation for Women (Kerala) (SH) at Palai.
  • August 29, 1911 Establishment of Kottayam4 Vicariate for the Knanaya (Suddists) Community of the Syrians.
  • May 14, 1914 Foundation of the Congregation of Holy Family (CHF) at Puthenchira, Thrisur by Mariam Thressia.
  • January 29, 1921 Foundation of Eparchial Society of the Oblates of the Sacred Heart (OSH)
  • December 21, 1923 Establishment of the Syro-Malabar Hierarchy with Ernakulam as the Metropolitan See and Mar Augustine Kandathil as the first Head and Archbishop of the Church (Romani Pontifices, Pope Pius XI).
  • November 16, 1924 Mar Augustine Kandathil installed Archbishop.
  • June 8, 1926 Death of Mariam Thressia
  • March 19, 1927 Foundation of the Sisters of the Destitute (SD) at Chunungumvely, Ernakulam by Fr.Varghese Palakkappillil (Payyappilly).
File:Varghese Palakkappillil.jpg
  • July 19, 1927 Foundation of the Vincentian Congregation (VC)
  • July 3, 1928 Foundation of Sisters of St Joseph Congregation (SJC) at Kottayam
  • October 5, 1929 Death of Varghese Palakkappillil
  • March 19, 1931 Foundation of the Congregation of Saint Thérèse of Lisieux (CST) by Mar Augustine Kandathil as a religious brothers congregation, the first such in India.
  • June 1, 1932 Establishment of Mangalapuzha Seminary.
  • May 7, 1933 Foundation of the Missionary Congregation for the Blessed Sacrament (MCBS)
  • January 1, 1944 Foundation of Congregation of Sisters of Charity (CSC) at Chollannoor, Thrisur
  • October 31, 1944 Foundation of Medical Sisters of St Joseph (MSJ) at Kothamangalam
  • December 27, 1945 Mar Augustine Kandathil founds the priestly wing of the Congregation of Saint Thérèse of Lisieux (CST) to better realise its aims.
  • March 19, 1948 Foundation of Congregation of the Sisters of Nazareth (CSN) at Edakkunnu, Ernakulam
  • April 20, 1948 Foundation of Congregation of the Sisters of St. Martha (CSM) at Ponnookara, Thrisur
  • April 2, 1949 Foundation of Assisi Sisters of Mary Immaculate (ASMI) at Cherthala, Alappuzha by Mgr. Joseph K. W. Thomas
  • July 25, 1950 Eparchy of Palai5
  • August 29, 1952 Death of Sr. Euphrasia CMC.
  • December 1, 1953 Official Visitation of Cardinal Tisserant of the Oriental Churches in India.
  • December 31, 1953 Eparchy of Thalaseri6
  • January 10, 1956 Death of Archbishop Mar Augustine Kandathil.
  • July 26, 1956 Changanaseri made Archiparchy
Archbishop's House, Changanassery, Kerala

Archbishop's House, Changanassery.

  • January 10, 1957 Eparchy of Kothamangalam7
  • June 1, 1957 Establishment of Dharmaram College, a major seminary by the CMIs in Bangalore.
  • January 1, 1958 Fr. Placid Podipara made Rector of Malabar College in Rome.
  • January 25, 1961 Foundation of Congregation of Samaritan Sisters (CSS) at Thrisur
  • March 31, 1962 Eparchy of Chanda,8 Maharashtra (CMI)
  • July 3, 1962 Establishment of St. Thomas Apostolic Seminary, Vadavathoor, Kottayam.
  • May 16, 1968 Foundation of Malabar Missionary Brothers (MMB)
  • July 16, 1968 Foundation of Missionary Society of St Thomas the Apostle (MST)
  • July 29, 1968 Eparchy of Sagar,9 Madhya Pradesh (CMI)
  • July 29, 1968 Eparchy of Satna,10 Madhya Pradesh (VC)
  • July 29, 1968 Eparchy of Ujjain,11 Madhya Pradesh (MST)
  • July 3, 1969 Foundation of Missionary Congregation of the Daughters of St. Thomas (DST) at Aruvithura, Kottayam.
  • March 23, 1972 Eparchy of Bijnor,12 Uttarakhand (CMI)
  • March 23, 1972 Eparchy of Jagdalpur,13 Chattisgargh (CMI)
  • March 1, 1973 Eparchy of Mananthavady14
  • October 16, 1973 Death of Fr. Augustine Thevarparampil (Kunjachan)
  • June 20, 1974 Eparchy of Palakkad15
  • February 25, 1977 Eparchy of Rajkot16 (CMI)
  • February 26, 1977 Eparchy of Kanjirappally17
  • May 19, 1977 Foundation of Society of Kristu Dasis (SKD) at Mananthavady by Bishop Jacob Thoomkuzhy
  • June 22, 1978 Eparchy of Irinjalakkuda18
  • June 19, 1984 Eparchy of Gorakhpur,19 Uttar Pradesh (CST)
  • December 19, 1985 Approval of the Text of the Order of Syro-Malabar Qurbana by the Sacred Congregation for Oriental Churches
  • February 8, 1986 Inauguration of the Order of Syro-Malabar Qurbana by Pope John Paul II at Kottayam.
  • February 8, 1986 Beatification of Fr. Kuriakose Elias Chavara CMI and Sr. Alphonsa Muttathupadathu FCC at Kottayam by Pope John Paul II. - first man and woman from India to the Altar.
  • April 28, 1986 Eparchy of Thamaraseri20
  • April 30, 1988 Eparchy of Kalyan,21 Maharashtra
  • July 3, 1989 Establishment of the Renovated Syro-Malabar Qurbana by the Sacred Congregation for Oriental Churches
  • July 3, 1989 Foundation of Sisters of St. Thomas (SST) at Managanam, Kottayam.

A Sui iuris Church

  • December 16, 1992 Establishment of Major Archiepiscopal see of Ernakulam-Angamaly
  • January 29, 1993 Antony Cardinal Padiyara, the first Major Archbishop (Quae Majori Christifidelium,Pope John Paul II), and Mar Abraham Kattumana, made Pontifical Delegate.
  • May 20, 1993 Cardinal Padiyara takes charge. First Synod of the Church.
  • May 18, 1995 Eparchies of Thrisur and Thalaseri made Archieparchies.
  • December 18, 1996 Cardinal Padiyara's resignation accepted. Archbishop Mar Varkey Vithayathil CSSR, Apostolic Administrator of Ernakulam-Angamaly.
  • November 11, 1996 Eparchy of Thuckalay,22 Tamil Nadu
  • October 28, 1997 Foundation of Mar Thoma Sliha Monastery (MTSM) at Nallathanni, Kottayam.
  • February 3, 1998 Major Archiepiscopal Headquarters at Mount St. Thomas, Kakkanad.
  • November 9, 1998 First Major Archiepiscopal Assembly
  • April 24, 1999 Eparchy of Belthangady,23 Karnataka
  • July 23, 1999 Eparchy of Adilabad,24 Andra Pradesh (CMI)
  • April 9, 2000 Beatification of Sr. Mariam Thressia CHF in Vatican by Pope John Paul II.
  • July 6, 2001 Eparchy of St. Thomas of Chicago,25 USA.
  • December 19, 2002 Eparchy of Idukki26
  • May 9, 2005 Eparchy of Kottayam made Archieparchy.
  • April 30, 2006 Beatification of Fr. Augustine Theavarparampil (Kunjachan) at Ramapuram, Palai by Major Archbishop His Beatitude Varkey Cardinal Vithayathil.
  • December 3, 2006 Beatification of Sr. Euphrasia CMC at Ollur, Thrisur by Major Archbishop His Beatitude Varkey Cardinal Vithayathil.
  • August 21, 2007 Eparchy of Bhadravathi,27 Karnataka (MCBS)
  • July 22, 2008 Christ University - the first University by the Catholic Church in India, established by the CMIs in Bangalore.
  • October 12, 2008 Canonization of Sr. Alphonsa (Anna) Muttathupadath FCC in Vatican by Pope Benedict XVI - the first woman Saint from India.

    St. Alphonsa, the first woman Saint of India belongs to the Syro Malabar Catholic Church, and was canonised in 2008.

  • November 6, 2008 Visit of Cardinal Leonardo Sandri, Prefect of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches. He visited many eparchies in Kerala and paid respects to St. Alphonsa at her tomb at Bharananganam.
  • June 24, 2009 Pope Benedict XVI declares the St. George Churuch at Angamaly a minor Basilica.
  • August 6, 2009 Major Archbishop promulgates the Order of Celebrations on Nativity of Our Lord, Ash Day, Osana Sunday, Thursday of Pesha, Friday of Passion, Great Saturday and Great Sunday of Resurrrection
  • August 14, 2009 Fr. John Vadakkel CMI, appointed bishop of the Eparchy of Bijnor.
  • August 23, 2009 Union Government of India issued coins in honour of St. Alphonsa
  • September 6, 2009 Varghese Palakkappillil declared Servant of God.


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