Part of a series on Tibetan Buddhism
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Tibetan Buddhism is one of the traditional religions of
- Tibet, including the old regions of U-Tsang, Amdo, and Kham. These are located in what is now the Tibetan Autonomous Region and Chinghai, plus parts of Gansu, Sichuan, and Yunnan—all of them provinces of the People's Republic of China. (Other traditional religions of these areas include Bön, Islam, Taoism, and the Dongba religion of the Nakhi people.)
- Mongolia, including the independent state of ("Outer") Mongolia as well as ethnic Mongol populations in China (Inner Mongolia, plus several enclaves in Xinjiang) and Russia (Kalmykia, Buryatia, and Tuva). (Other traditional religions of these areas include Tengrism, Islam, and Orthodox Christianity.)
- The Himalayas, including northern Nepal, Bhutan, and the following states of India: Jammu and Kashmir (specifically, the regions of Ladakh and Zanskar), Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, and Arunachal Pradesh. (Other traditional religions of these areas include Hinduism, Islam, Bön, and the Donyi-Polo religion.)
During the 20th century, Tibetan Buddhism began to be adopted by some ethnic Chinese as well as Westerners, whose view of religion often incorporated fantasy elements (see Theosophy, Shangri-La, Orientalism). In the wake of the 1959 Tibetan uprising, a Tibetan diaspora has made Tibetan Buddhism more widely accessible to the rest of the world, with the (fourteenth) Dalai Lama as a familiar representative.
Celebrity converts include Brandon Boyd, Richard Gere, Adam Yauch, Jet Li, Sharon Stone, Allen Ginsberg, Philip Glass, and Steven Seagal (who has been proclaimed the reincarnation of the tulku Chungdrag Dorje).