The Bishop of Bristol.

Dr. Thomas Newton (1 January 1704, Lichfield, Staffordshire - 14 February 1782, London[1]) was an English cleric, biblical scholar and author. He served as the Bishop of Bristol from 1761 to 1782.

Newton was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, and was subsequently elected a fellow of Trinity.[2] He was ordained in the Church of England, and continued scholarly pusuits. His best remembered works include his annotated edition of Paradise Lost, including a biography of John Milton published in 1749. In 1754 he published a large scholarly analysis of the prophecies of the Bible, titled Dissertations on the Prophecies.


Titlepage of a 1752-1761 edition of Newton's extensively annotated works of John Milton, particularly Paradise Lost and Paradise Regained.

Newton was elevated to Bishop of Bristol in 1761, and was recognized again in 1768 by being named the Dean of St Paul's Cathedral in London. He was a Christian universalist.[3][4]

One of Newton's famous quotes concerns the Jewish people:

The preservation of the Jews is really one of the most signal and illustrious acts of divine Providence... and what but a supernatural power could have preserved them in such a manner as none other nation upon earth hath been preserved. Nor is the providence of God less remarkable in the destruction of their enemies, than in their preservation... We see that the great empires, which in their turn subdued and oppressed the people of God, are all come to ruin... And if such hath been the fatal end of the enemies and oppressors of the Jews, let it serve as a warning to all those, who at any time or upon any occasion are for raising a clamor and persecution against them.[1]


  1. Nigel Aston, ‘Newton, Thomas (1704–1782)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004, accessed 26 Aug 2008
  2. Thomas Newton in Venn, J. & J. A., Alumni Cantabrigienses, Cambridge University Press, 10 vols, 1922–1958.
  3. Richard Bauckham. "Universalism: a historical survey". Themelios 4.2 (September 1978): 47-54.
  4. "Plain Guide to Universalism: Who Are Universalists?". Accessed Dec. 5, 2007.

External links

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