The Temple Institute, known in Hebrew as Machon HaMikdash (Hebrew: מכון

המקדש‎), is a non-profit religious and educational organization in Israel focusing on raising world consciousness to the

centrality of the Holy Temple in Jerusalem to the life of the Jewish people and to all mankind. It aspires to reach this goal

through educational outreach and through the construction of actual Temple ritual objects and priestly garments, which are

suitable for immediate use, in the event conditions permit the reconstruction of the Holy Temple. The Temple Institute has

received a number of awards in recognition of its contribution to Jewish education in Israel, by the Israeli Ministry of

Education. The Temple Institute is a government recognized, registered non-profit charitable organization in both Israel and the

USA (501 (C) 3).

[1] It was founded and is headed by Rabbi Yisrael Ariel.[2] Its current

Director General is Mordechai Prinze, and the International Department is headed by

Rabbi Chaim Richman.


Building of Temple ritual items

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[ Temple Institute -

Ritual Objects]

Item Purpose
Copper laver For Kohanim to wash at start of day
Mizrak Holds blood from sacrificial animals
Large mizrak Holds blood from larger animals
Three-pronged fork To arrange offerings on the altar
Measuring cup To measure meal offerings
Copper vessel for meal offerings To prepare meal offerings
Silver shovel To remove ashes from the altar
Silver vessel for wine libation For wine accompanying offerings
Lottery box For Yom Kippur
Silver altar cup for water libation For Sukkot
Silver libation vessels For Sukkot
Sickle To reap the Omer barley
Other offering implements To offer the Omer barley
Abuv To roast the Omer barley
Menorah cleansing vessel To clean the Menorah
Oil pitcher For replenishing the Menorah
Small golden flask For replenishing individual Menorah lamps
Frankincense censer
Incense chalice For Ketoret or incense offering
Incense shovel For Ketoret or incense offering
Menorah See Menorah.
Table of the Showbread See Showbread.
Incense altar For Ketoret or incense offering
Ark of the Covenant (mock up) See Ark of the Covenant.
Crown Crown worn by the High Priest
Garments of the High Priest See High Priest.
Silver trumpets Announce special occasions and offerings
Gold-plated shofar For Rosh Hashanah. See Shofar.
Silver-plated shofar For fast days. See Shofar.
Harp Used by the choir of Levites singing psalms
Lyre Used by the choir of Levites singing psalms

As part of its ongoing effort to prepare for a future rebuilt Temple, the Temple Institute

has been preparing ritual objects suitable for Temple use. Many of the over ninety ritual

items to be used in the Temple have been made by the Temple Institute.

As of June 2008, a major current project of the institute is the creation of the sacred

uniform of the Kohen Gadol, the High Priest, and the ordinary priests. This

project, the culmination of years of study and research, has been underway for several

years. The High Priest's Hoshen (breastplate) and Ephod have already been

completed. The Tzitz, the golden crown of the High Priest, was completed in 2007.


The Temple Institute is currently manufacturing garments for the lay priests, which can be

purchased by Kohanim who can verify their lineage.

Education programs

The institute's educational efforts include raising public awareness about the Holy

Temple, and the central role that it is believed to occupy in the spiritual life of

mankind. These efforts include a full-time research staff (kollel), seminars, publications, and conferences, as well as the production of educational materials. Online

educational tools include the Institute's website [2],

educational videos and video conferencing.

Red Heifer

In addition to a variety of items required for service within the Temple, the institute

has attempted to locate a parah adumah (Red heifer) consistent with the

requirements of Numbers 19:1-22 and Mishnah Tractate Parah for

purposes of taharah (purification) necessary to enter the Temple sanctuary

proper in most circumstances.

[3] In recent years, the institute identified two candidates, one in 1997 and

another in 2002.[4] The Temple Institute had initially declared both

kosher, but later found each to be unsuitable.


Rebuilding a Jewish temple on the Temple Mount

Although Orthodox Judaism generally agrees that the Temple in Jerusalem will and

should be rebuilt, there is a substantial disagreement about whether this should occur by

human or divine hands. The Temple Institute interprets the opinion of the Rambam

(Maimonides) as saying that Jews should attempt to build the Temple themselves, and

have a mitzvah (obligation) to do so if they can.

Ascending the Temple Mount

The rabbis associated with the Temple Institute hold (also following the Rambam) that

it is permissible under Jewish law for Jews to visit certain specified parts

of the Temple Mount, after proper preparations have been made, and regularly organize

groups to ascend and tour the Mount. The view that Jews may ascend the Temple is highly

controversial among Orthodox rabbis, with many authorities completely

prohibiting visiting the Mount to prevent accidental entrance into and desecration of the

Holy of Holies or other sacred, off-limits areas.

The Temple Institute conducts aliyot (literally, "going up"; "making a pilgrimage") to the

Temple Mount. These aliyot are conducted in accordance with halachic requirements. They take place

during weekday mornings, as these are the only hours that Jews are presently allowed to frequent

the Mount, due to government policy which cedes administrative authority of the Temple

Mount to the Moslem Wakf.

See also

References and footnotes

  1. [ 2FJPArticle%2FPrinter "A House of Prayer for All Nations"] Jerusalem Post, October 11, 2005
  2. [ Rebuild Herod's Temple? A Few Israelis Hope] New York Times, April 9, 1989.
  3. Temple Institute: Red Heifer
  4. Red Heifer born in Israel Temple Institute, 8 April 2002

External links

Coordinates: 31°46′31.73″N 35°13′59.16″E / 31.7754806°N 35.2331°E / 31.7754806; 35.2331

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