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|This is an opinion article from a user of WikiChristian.|
Muslims have many different interpretations of what happened to Jesus and the crucifixion, but all of them encounter serious logical, historical, and theological problems. Another view is that the Qur'an states Jesus was crucified, resurrected, and then ascended. This article will not use historical evidence or the resurrection; its purpose is to understand what the Qur'an meant.
Main article: Substitution of Jesus
Most Muslims interpret the Qur'an to mean that Jesus did not die; he ascended before the crucifixion, God transformed another person to appear to be Jesus, and the Jews crucified this person instead. This interpretation runs into several internal contradictions and the problem that God is shown as deceptive and then blames the Jews for being deceived.
Main article: Swoon Theory
Begun by Ahmed Deedat, but held by nonMuslims for some time, the swoon theory says that Jesus was crucified but did not die. Three days later he rivived and people naturally believed he had risen from the dead. The problem with this is that it does not fit well with the Qur'an and it was not physically possible for someone to survive crucifixion.
Jesus died but was not resurrected or ascend to heaven. Rather, his status was elevated by God.
It can first be proven that the Qur'an says and supports that Jesus died.
Jesus Gives Alms in Heaven
(19.31)And He hath made me blessed wheresoever I be, and hath enjoined on me Prayer and Charity as long as I live;
Every Prophet Died
Not only did Jesus die, but God made Him to die.
(33.144) Muhammad is no more than a messenger: many Were the messenger that passed away before him.
Connection with John
(19.15) So Peace on him (John) the day he was born, the day that he dies, and the day that he will be raised up to life (again)!
(19.33) "So peace is on me the day I was born, the day that I die, and the day that I shall be raised up to life (again)"!
(4.157) That they said (in boast), "We killed Christ Jesus the son of Mary, the Messenger of Allah";- but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but so it was made to appear to them, and those who differ therein are full of doubts, with no (certain) knowledge, but only conjecture to follow, for of a surety they killed him not:- (4.158) Nay, Allah raised him up unto Himself; and Allah is Exalted in Power, Wise;-)
(5.117 When Thou didst take me up Thou wast the Watcher over them, and Thou art a witness to all things.
(3.54) And (the unbelievers) plotted and planned, and Allah too planned, and the best of planners is Allah. (3.55) Behold! Allah said: "O Jesus! I will take thee and raise thee to Myself and clear thee (of the falsehoods) of those who blaspheme; I will make those who follow thee superior to those who reject faith, to the Day of Resurrection: Then shall ye all return unto me, and I will judge between you of the matters wherein ye dispute.
If Jesus died and resurrected, it would be a large piece of evidence that Jesus was a greater prophet than Muhammad. While Muhammad did not perform any miracles except the Qur'an itself and was the Seal of the Prophets, Jesus was al-Masih, was God's word, was a spirit from God, delivered the Injil, spoke as a baby, created a bird, healed the blind and lepers, raised others and himself from the dead. Muhammad could not objectively be considered the greatest prophet.