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The Holy Synod of the Coptic Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria

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The Holy Synod of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria is the highest authority in the Church of Alexandria[1] and it formulates the rules and regulations regarding matters of church's organisation, faith, service's order.[2]

The Synod is chaired by the Patriarch of Alexandria and the members are the Church's Metropolitans, Bishops, Chorbishops and the Patriarchal Vicar for Alexandria.

Seniority in the Synod

According to the Coptic Orthodox Church traditions the Pope, being Bishop of Alexandria and being the Senior and Elder Bishop and the Metropolitan Archbishop of the Province and Primate of All Egypt, is the head of the Synod as a first among equals. The most senior position after the Pope was that of the Metropolitan of Western Pentapolis, but since its demise in the days of Pope John VI of Alexandria as a major Archiepiscopal Metropolis, it has been held as a Titular See attached to another Diocese.

There is a special status of seniority of honor for the Metropolitan Archbishop of the Holy and Great City of Our Lord, Jerusalem, Holy Zion, Archbishop of the Holy Archdiocese of Jerusalem, All Palestine, Philadelphia of Jordan & All the Near East.

This great archdiocesan Metropolis is technically outside the Egyptian Province and was not originally counted within the jurisdiction of the Pope of Alexandria and it was created by Pope Cyril III (1235-1243) in the Thirteenth Century, which, at that time, had caused a dispute between the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria and the Syriac Orthodox Church of Antioch.[3]. This was a very rare incident between the two sister churches as in general their relationship is one of the strongest between any two sister churches. [4]

It is important to note that the Coptic Orthodox Metropolitan of Jerusalem is the only Coptic Orthodox Metropolitan who is consecrated as a Metropolitan Archbishop without being consecrated a bishop first then elevated to the Metropolitan rank later as is the norm in all episcopal consecration according to the tradition of the Church of Alexandria. According to the alexandrine tradition, the Metropolitan rank is granted by the Pope of Alexandria to the eparchial bishops under his jurisdiction on a personal status and not due to the size or the importance of the eparchy, which the bishop is shepherding, except in the above-mentioned case of the Archdiocese of Jerusalem. This has been the case since Cyril III consecrated Metropolitan Basilius as the first Coptic Orthodox Metropolitan of Jerusalem and All the Near East. This status is most probably because the Archdiocese of Jerusalem is considered as a Patriarchal Exarchate outside the regular territorial jurisdiction of the Alexandrine Throne and accordingly, the presiding hierarch is a Patriarchal Exarch of the Alexandrine Throne, thus being honored by the Archepiscopal rank right upon consecration.

Currently, and because the seniority of the members of the Holy Synod is decided according to seniority ranking rules of the ecclesiastical ranks(Metropolitans first then Bishops (and Bishops Exarchs of the Throne), then Auxiliary Bishops, then General Bishops, then Chorbishops and according to the date of consecration within each rank, the most senior position after the Pope is the oldest consecrated Metropolitan of the Throne, who is now Mikhail, the Metropolitan of the Holy Metropolis of Asyut (Lycopolis), (Hieracon) and (Apollonopolis Parva) (Consecrated in 1946).

It is to be noted that according to the ancient Alexandrine tradition, that after the Senior Hierarch of Pentapolis came the Hierarch of the Metropolis of (Lycopolis), (Hieracon) and (Apollonopolis Parva), which is Asyut.

It is to be noted that the most senior Metropolitan in consecration is candidate to become the Locum tenens in case of the death of the Pope until the election of the new Pope, and will be the one who enthrones the newly elected Pope along with the entire body of the Holy Synod.

This seniority ranking system does not diminish the importance and the greatness of the Metropolis of Jerusalem and All the Near East. It is to be noted that the archiepiscopal status of this great metropolis is also given due to the Holy Apostolic Throne that it represent, being the Apostolic Throne of Jerusalem, although its Metropolitan Archbishop does not claim that title and is under the jurisdiction of the Throne of Alexandria.

Gallery

A Gallery of the Coptic Holy Synod of Egypt (All Coptic Bishops) (external link)

A Gallery of the Members of the Holy Synod of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria In order of date of consecration in Arabic and English (external link)

Primate and Pontiff

Chairman of The Synod
Pope Shenouda by MichaelSleman 01

Pope Shenouda III

1) Shenouda III (Senouthius III)

Metropolitans of the Throne

2) Mikhail (Michael), Elder Metropolitan of the Holy Metropolis of Asyut (Lycopolis), (Hieracon), (Hierakonopolis) and (Apollonopolis Parva)

3) Abraham, Metropolitan of the Holy and Great City of Our Lord, Jerusalem, Holy Zion; Archbishop of the Holy Archdiocese of Jerusalem, All Palestine, Philadelphia of Jordan and Patriarchal Exarch of all the Near East.

4) Domadius (Dometius), Metropolitan of the Holy and Great Metropolis of Giza (Memphis), (Busiris) and Atfih (Aphroditopolis).

5) Pachomius, Metropolitan of the Holy Metropolis of Beheira (Thmuis and Hermopolis Parva), (Buto), (Naucratis), Mariout (Mareotis), Marsa Matruh (Paraetonium), (Apis); Patriarchal Exarch of the Ancient Metropolis of Libya: (Livis, Marmarica, Darnis and Tripolitania) and Titular Metropolitan of the Great and Ancient Metropolis of Pentapolis in (Cyrenaica): (Cyrene), (Appollonia), (Ptolemais), (Berenice) and (Arsinoe).

6) Pishoy (Pisoios), Metropolitan of the Holy Metropolis of Damietta (Thamiates), Kafr El Sheikh, Sakha (Xois) and Belqas; Abbot of the Monastery of Saint Demiana and General Secretary of the Holy Synod of the Throne.[5]

7) Seraphim, Metropolitan of the Holy Metropolis of Glastonbury and Primate of the British Orthodox Church.

8) Hedra, Metropolitan of the Holy Metropolis of Aswan (Syene & Elephantine) and (Kom Ombo) and Abbot of the Monastery of Saint Hedra and of the Monastery of Saint Pachomius the Cenobite.

9) Wissa (Besa), Metropolitan of the Holy Metropolis of el-Balyana (Abydos), Berdis, Awlad Tookh and its jurisdictions.

10) Arsenius, Metropolitan of the Holy Metropolis of Minya, Abu Qirqas, Beni Hasan, (Akoris) and (Hebenu).

Bishops of the Throne

11) Ammonius (Amon), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Luxor (Diospolis Magna), Esna (Latopolis), Armant (Hermonthis) and Edfu (Apollonopolis Parva, Maximianopolis, Eileithyiaspolis and Apollonopolis Magna) (Relieved from Eparchial Shepherding).

12) Benyamin (Benjamin), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Al Minufiyah (Prosopolis).

13) Pavnotius, Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Samalut and Taha El Aaameda.

14) Angelos, Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Al Sharqiyah (Fakus and Tanis) and of the 10th of Ramadan City.

15) Tadros (Theodoros), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Port Said (Pelusium, Tahpanhes and Farama).

16) Ignatius, Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Suez (Clysma).

17) Kyrillos (Cyril), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Nag Hammâdi (Khenoboskion) and Abu Tesht.

18) Poula (Paul), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Tanta.

19) Markos (Mark), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Shubra el-Kheima.

20) Ashe’yia (Isaiah), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Tahta, Juhayna and Gabalein (Aphroditopolis & Hispis (Pathyris))

21) Fam, Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Tima.

22) Pissada, Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Akhmim (Panopolis), Saqualta and the Holy Monasteries of Mount Akhmim in Upper Egypt.

23) Andrawos (Andrew), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Abutig, Sedfa and el Ghanayem.

24) Missael, Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Birmingham, the Midlands and its Affiliated Regions, UK.

25) Abram, Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Faiyum (Crocodilopolis, Arsinoe) and Abbot of the Monastery of Archangel Gabriel in the Naqloun Mountain, Central Egypt.

26) Serapion, Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Los Angeles, Southern California and Hawaii, USA.

27) Demetrius, Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Mallawi, Ansena (Antinoopolis) and El Ashmunein (Hermopolis Magna).

28) Lukas (Luke), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Abnub and el Fateh.

29) Bakhoum (Pachomius), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Sohag (Athribis), el-Mansha (Ptolemais Hermiou) and el-Maragha.

30) Barsoum (Parsoma), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Dairut and Sanabou.

31) Antonius (Anthony), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Manfalut.

32) Picenti (Pisentios), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Helwan and Al Maasara (Tura).

33) Kyrillos (Cyril), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Milano and Northern Italy and Abbot of the Monastery of Saint Shenouda the Archimandrite in Milano.

34) Aghapius, Bishop the Holy Diocese of Deir Mawas and Delga.

35) Thomas, Bishop of the Holy Diocese of el-Qusiya (Qis) and Meir.

36) Matthias, Bishop of the Holy Diocese of El-Mahalla El-Kubra and Samanoud (Sebennytos). (Resigned & Deposed)

37) Cheroubim (Cherubim), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Qena, Qift (Coptos) and its jurisdictions

38) Pimen, Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Naqada(Ombos) and Qus (Apollonopolis Parva).

39) Takla (Thekla), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Dishna & Dendera (Tentyris) and its jurisdictions.

40) Macarius, Bishop of the Eritrean Church in the USA. Member of the Eritrean Holy Synod.

41) Markos (Mark), Bishop of the Eritrean Church in the UK. Member of the Eritrean Holy Synod.

42) Theophilus, Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Hurghada, Kosseir, & All the Red Sea , (Olbia), (Apollonopolis), (Arsinoe), (Myos Hormos), (Philoteras), (Berenice) and (Apollonos Hydreium).

43) Maximus, Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Banha (Leontopolis) and Quouwaysena (Athribis).

44) Sarapamon (Serapis Amon), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Atbara, Um Durman & All the North of the Sudan and Titular Bishop of the Great and Ancient Metropolis of Nubia: (Faras) of (Nobatia), (Dongola) of (Makuria) and (Soba) of (Alodia).

45) Antony, Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Ireland, Scotland & North East England, United Kingdom and Abbot of the Monastery of St. Athanasius the Apostolic.

46) Damian, Common Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Höxter-Brenkenhausen and Germany.

47) Youssef (Joseph), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Southern United States and Abbot of the Monastery of Most Holy Virgin Mary and Saint Moses the Strong in Corpus Christi, Texas.

48) Barnaba (Barnabas), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Torino and Southern Italy.

49) Suriel, Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Melbourne,Victoria (Australia), Tasmania, ACT, South Australia, Western Australia, New Zealand and of all Oceania.

50) Gabriel, Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Beni Suef (Herakleopolis Magna) , El-Bahnasa (Oxyrhynchus) and Nilopolis (Delas).

51) Georgios (George), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Matai (Acanthus) and its jurisdictions.

52) Stephanos (Stephen), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Beba, Samasta and El Fashn.

53) Gabriel, Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Vienna and all Austria.

54) Ilia (Elijah), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Khartoum and all the South of the Sudan.

55) Seraphim, Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Ismailia (Heroonopolis) and (Pithom).

56) Apollo, Bishop of the Holy Diocese of El-Tor (Raithu), Sharm El Sheikh and all South Sinai.

57) Athanasius, Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Beni Mazar.

58) Aghathon, Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Maghagha and El Idwa.

59) Kosman (Cosmas), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of El Arish (Rhinocorura), El Qantarah and all North Sinai.

60) Daniel, Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Sydney, New South Wales, Queensland, Northern Territory, Thailand, Singapore, Hong Kong, Japan and all East Asia.

61) Dawood (David), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Mansoura (Leontopolis), (Lycopolis) and (Mendes) and Abbot of the Monastery of Saint George at Meit Demsis, Lower Egypt.

62) Aghathon, Bishop the Holy Diocese of Sao Paolo and all Brazil.

63) Youssef (Joseph), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Santa Cruz and all Bolivia.

Auxiliary Bishops of the Throne

64) Athanasius, Auxiliary Bishop of the Holy Metropolis of Toulon & all France

65) Daniel, Auxiliary Bishop for Maadi District in Cairo, assistant to the Pope.

66) Raphael, Auxiliary Bishop for Central Cairo and Heliopolis, assistant to the Pope.

67) Tawadros (Theodorus), Auxiliary Bishop for the Holy Diocese of Beheira (Thmuis & Hermopolis Parva), assistant to Pachomius.

68) Maximos (Maximus), Auxiliary Bishop for Dar El Salam (Irininoupolis) in Cairo, assistant to the Pope.

69) Silwanos (Silvanus), Auxiliary Bishop for Old Cairo (Babylon), assistant to the Pope.

70) Timotheos (Timothy), Auxiliary Bishop for El Mataria, Ain Shams and Ezbet El Nakhl, assistant to the Pope.

71) Martyrus, Auxiliary Bishop for East of the Railroad District in Cairo, assistant to the Pope.

72) Macarius, Auxiliary Bishop for the Holy Metropolis of Minya, Abu Qirqas, Beni Hasan, (Akoris) and (Hebenu), assistant to Arsenius

Exarchs of the Throne

73) Antonius Markos (Anthony Mark), General Bishop for African Affairs and Patriarchal Exarch in West and South Africa.

74) David, General Bishop and Patriarchal Exarch in Cedar Grove, New Jersey, Archdiocese of North America.

75) Pavlos (Paul), General Bishop for Evangelism & Mission & Patriarchal Exarch in East and Central Africa.

76) Youhanna (John), General Bishop & Assistant Patriarchal Exarch in Cedar Grove, New Jersey for the Archdiocese of North America.

77) Angaelos, General Bishop and Patriarchal Exarch for the Youth Ministry at the Patriarchal Center and the Coptic Orthodox Theological College at Stevenage, United Kingdom.

78) Apakir (Apa Cyrrhus), General Bishop and Patriarchal Exarch for Sweden and All Scandinavia.

Bishop Abbots of the Holy and Sacred Monasteries of the Throne

79) Sarapamon (Serapis Amon), Bishop and Abbot of the Monastery of Saint Pishoy in Scetes, Lower Egypt.

80) Sawiros (Severus), Bishop and Abbot of the Monastery of the Most Holy Virgin Mary known as Al Muharraq Monastery Upper Egypt.

81) Mattheos (Matthew), Bishop and Abbot of the Monastery of the Most Holy Virgin Mary known as the Syrian Monastery, in Scetes, Lower Egypt.

82) Basilius (Basil), Bishop and Abbot of the Monastery of Saint Samuel the Confessor, in El Qualamon Mountain, Upper Egypt.

83) Yustus (Justus), Bishop and Abbot of the Monastery of Saint Anthony the Great, in the Eastern Desert.

84) Isithoros (Isidore), Bishop and Abbot of the Monastery of the Most Holy Virgin Mary known as the Paromeos (Roman) Monastery, in Scetes, Lower Egypt.

85) Kyrillos (Cyril), Bishop and Abbot of the Monastery of Saint Mina, in the Desert of Mariut (Mareotis), Lower Egypt..

86) Mina (Menas), Bishop and Abbot of the Monastery of Saint George in El Khatatba, Central Egypt.

87) Daniel, Bishop and Abbot of the Monastery of Saint Paul the Anchorite, in the Eastern Desert.

General Bishops of the Throne

88) Ruweis, General Bishop and Patriarchal Emissary at large.

General Bishops Administrators of the Bishoprics of the Throne

89) Moussa (Moses), General Bishop and Administrator for the Bishopric of Youth Affairs.

90) Dioscorus, General Bishop and Administrator of the Patriarchal Print Shop.

91) Petros (Peter), General Bishop and Administrator of Aghapy TV Channel.

General Bishops Patriarchal Secretary

92) Youannes (John), General Bishop and Patriarchal Secretary at the Patriarchal Residence in Cairo.

93) Armiah (Jeremiah), General Bishop and Patriarchal Secretary at the Patriarchal Residence in Cairo.

Chorbishop

94) Isaac, Chori-Episcopus.

Patriarchal Vicar for Alexandria

95) Hegumen Cheroubim the Pachomian, Grand Economos and Patriarchal Vicar in Alexandria.

Vacant Metropolis/Diocese/Abbey

96) (Vacant), Metropolitan of the Holy Metropolis of Girga (Thinis).

97) (Vacant), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Shebin El Quanater, Toukh and El Khanka.

98) (Vacant), Bishop and Abbot of the Monastery of Saint George in El Rozaiquat, Central Egypt.

99) (Vacant), Bishop and Abbot of the Monastery of Saint Anthony the Great in Barstow, California, United States. (Vacant after the death of Bishop Karas in 2002)

100) (Vacant), Metropolitan of the Holy Metropolis of Toulon and all France; Primate of The French Coptic Orthodox Church. (Vacant after the death of Metropolitan Markos (Marcus) in 2008)

101) (Vacant), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Zaqaziq (Bubastis), (Busiris) and Menya Al Qamh (Sais) (Vacant after the death of Bishop Yacobos (Jacob) in 2008)

102) (Vacant), Bishop and Abbot of the Monastery of Saint Macarius the Great, in Scetes, Lower Egypt. (Vacant after the resignation of Metropolitan Mikhail from the Abbotship of the Monastery in 2009)

See also

References

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