The Targum Neophyti is a targum, one of a group of midrashic translation of the Hebrew Bible into Aramaic dating to between the 3rd and 8th centuries. It was discovered in 1949 by Alejandro Diez Macho in the Library of the Neophytes in Rome.
The paraphrases of the Targum Neophyti are significantly different from those of the Targum Onkelos,. They are considerably more expansive, comparable to those of the Targum Pseudo-Jonathan. The language of the Targum Neophyti is conventionally known as "Palestinian Aramaic" as opposed to the "Babylonian Aramaic" of the Targum Onkelos.
- Jacob Neusner, Alan J. Avery-Peck, Judaism in Late Antiquity: Where We Stand, Issues and Debates in Ancient Judaism, Volumes 40-41 of Handbuch der Orientalistik, BRILL, 1999, ISBN 9789004112827, 118f.