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Synod of Hippo

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Some were attended by St. Augustine. The synod of 393 is best known for two distinct acts. First, for the first time a council of bishops listed and approved a canon of Sacred Scripture that corresponds to the modern Orthodox and Roman Catholic canon (including the books classed by Roman Catholics as deuterocanonical books and by Protestants as "Apocrypha"). The canon was later approved at the Council of Carthage pending the ratification of the "Church across the sea".

Previous councils had approved of similar, but slightly different canons. Second, the council reaffirmed the apostolic origin of the requirement of clerical continence and reasserted it as a requirement for all the ordained.


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