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Stefan Vancza

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Stefan Vancza (Hungarian: Báncsa István) (d. July 9, 1270[1]) was the first Hungarian cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, the bishop of Palestrina, and the archbishop and administrator of Esztergom.[2]

Vancza was made cardinal in December 1251 by Pope Innocent IV, at a time when the church was having problems with the Tatars.[3] Vancza had previously been the Chancellor of Hungary.[4]

Role in conclaves

Vancza participated in the papal elections of December 8 - 12, 1254 (that elected Alexander IV), October 1264 - February 5, 1265 (Clement IV), and November 1268 - September 1, 1271, the longest papal election in history, during which he died on July 9, 1270.[5][1]

Vancza did not attend the papal election of May 26 - August 29, 1261 (Urban IV).[5]


  1. 1.0 1.1 This date is according to all of the sources consulted except J. P. Adams Sede Vacante 1268-71, which indicates that he still subscribed a letter dated August 22, 1270 and died in 1272, during pontificate of Gregory X
  2. Miranda, Salvator. 1997. "XIII Century (1198-1303)."
  3. Howorth, Henry Hoyle. 1876. History of the Mongols: From the 9th to the 19th Century. Longmans, Green, and Co. p. 151.
  4. Rosa, Mario, Levillain, ed., 2002, "Curia", The Papacy: An Encyclopedia, Routledge, ISBN 0415922283. p. 468.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Miranda, Salvator. 1997. "Papal elections and conclaves of the XIII Century (1216-1294)."

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