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Statute on Jews

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Template:The Holocaust The Statute on Jews (French: Statut des juifs) was discriminatory legislation against French Jews passed on October 3, 1940 by the Vichy Regime, grouping them as a lower class and depriving them of citizenship before rounding them up at Drancy internment camp then taking them to be exterminated in concentration camps. The Vichy Regime voluntarily adopted, without coercion from the German forces, laws that excluded Jews and their children from certain roles in society. According to Marshal Philippe Pétain's chief of staff, "Germany was not at the origin of the anti-Jewish legislation of Vichy. That legislation was spontaneous and autonomous."[1]

History

On July 22, 1940, the Deputy Secretary of State Raphaël Alibert created a committee to review 500,000 naturalisations given since 1927. This resulted in 15,000 people having their French nationality revoked, of which 40% were Jews. Alibert was the signatory of the Statute on Jews.

These laws were copied from Nazi laws or ordinances, so that they were equally harsh for their victims. They were, therefore, more rigorous than the laws set in place by the Italian fascists. These laws of limitation were put into place from the start of the new regime by Pétain: the first law was put into place barely one month after the Vichy government was established.

The collaborationist regime also put into practice the Nazi policy on hunting Jews, that was enforced by the French police, sending the captive Jews to SNCF stations where they would be sent to French concentration camps as part of the Final Solution.

Similar legislation was subsequently adopted by Algeria (October 7, 1940), Morocco (October 31), and Tunisia (November 30). [2]

Other groups

Other groups within society, such as Freemasons and communists, were also oppressed by this new regime. Before the invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941, however, the hunt for communists was not a high priority on the Nazi agenda.

Laws and statutes

Adolf Hitler came to power in Germany on 30 January 1933. Pétain came to power in France on 17 June 1940. The following table summarizes anti-Semitic legislative measures in Vichy France vs. Nazi Germany and time it took to adopt the corresponding measures. Time between the installation of government and passing the statute is denoted in parentheses.

Measure taken Vichy France Nazi Germany
Date Time it took Date Time it took
De-naturalization of Jews 16/07/1940 ( 1 month) 26/07/1933 ( 6 months)
Exclusion of Jews from the army 03/10/1940 ( 3 months) 26/06/1936 (41 months)
Exclusion of Jews from the press 03/10/1940 ( 3 months) 04/10/1933 ( 8 months)
Exclusion of Jews from commercial and industrial jobs 03/10/1940 ( 3 months) 06/06/1938 (64 months)
Exclusion of Jewish officials 03/10/1940 ( 3 months) 07/04/1933 ( 2 months)
Authorisation needed to sell or rent a company 09/03/1941 ( 8 months) 26/04/1938 (63 months)
Exclusion of Jewish students 21/06/1941 (12 months) 22/04/1933 ( 3 months)
Exclusion of Jewish lawyers 16/07/1941 (13 months) 04/04/1933 ( 2 months)
Registration of "Jewish" businesses 22/07/1941 (13 months) 14/06/1938 (64 months)
Complete exclusion of Jews from commerce and industry 22/07/1941 (13 months) 12/11/1938 (70 months)
Nomination of administrators for Jewish heritage 22/07/1941 (14 months) 03/12/1938 (33 months)
Exclusion of Jewish doctors 11/08/1941 (14 months) 13/12/1935 (34 months)

References

  1. Henri du Moulin de la Barthète. October 26, 1946 cited in Cirtis, Verdict on Vichy. p.111. Quoting from: Robert Satloff (2006): Among the Righteous. p.31
  2. Robert Satloff (2006): Among the Righteous: Lost Stories from the Holocaust's Long Reach into Arab Lands. PublicAffairs. ISBN 1586483994. p.26

See also

Template:World War II

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