Sokho (also Sokhoh, Sochoh, Soco from Greek transliterations; not with initial Sh-; שוכה ,שוכו and שכה in Biblical Hebrew, סוכו in Mishnaic Hebrew) is the name of two towns in biblical Judah.

One town was in the Hebron hill district, in the double tel called Khirbet Shuwaikah Fauka and Tahta (Upper and Lower Shuwaikah), 6 km southwest of Eshtamoa (Joshua 15:48). The other is in the lower hill country (the Shephelah), in the Ela Valley between Adullam and Azekah (Joshua 15:35).

The Bible also mentions a Sokho in the Hefer region in the Sharon (1 Kings 4:10).


The Philistines camped between the Ela Valley Sokho and Azekah before the encounter of David and Goliath (1 Samuel 17:1). Rehoboam fortified the place (2 Chronicles 11:7). It was one of the cities occupied temporarily by the Philistines in the time of Ahaz (2 Chronicles 28:18). In that period it served as an administrative or storage center, being one of the four cities named on the la-melekh stamps of the Judean monarchy.

The Mishnaic Rabbi Antigonus of Sokho, mentioned in Ethics of the Fathers (Pirkei Avot 1:3), likely came from the Hebron-region town. Rabbi Levi Sukia, of the first generation of Amoraim, also came from Sokho (Jerusalem Talmud, Eruvim).

In Byzantine times, Eusebius described Sokho (Σοκχωθ) as a double village at the ninth milestone between Eleutheropolis (Bet Guvrin) and Jerusalem (Eusebius, Onom. 156:18 ff.), which would correspond to the Elah Valley location. The Madaba Map also depicts Sokho (Σωκω).


Today, the Elah-Valey Tel Sokho is known as Givat HaTurmusim, or Lupine Hill. In late March, the entire hill is covered with wild blue lupines and becomes a popular outing destination for Israeli families. [1]


Some or all of this article is forked from Wikipedia. The original article was at Sokho. The list of authors can be seen in the page history.

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