The simplicity of God means that the being of God is "simple" and beyond composition. God is not complex in the sense that he is made up of distinct attributes, nor can it be said that the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit comprise three parts of God. Also called divine simplicity, it forms a significant corollary of both the unity and trinity of God.
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- Augustine, The Trinity. New City Press, 1991. bks 5-7
- Stephen R. Holmes, "Something Much Too Plain to Say: Towards a Defense of the Doctrine of Divine Simplicity" Neue Zeitschrift für Systematische Theologie und Religionsphilosophie 43 (2001): 137-154.
- Andrew Radde-Gallwitz, Basil of Caesarea, Gregory of Nyssa, and the Transformation of Divine Simplicity. Oxford University Press, 2009.
- Richard A. Muller, Post-Reformation Reformed Dogmatics: Volume Three: The Divine Essence and Attributes. Baker Academic, 2003. esp. pp. 38-67; 70-76; 205-215; 271-297.
- Lewis Ayres, Nicaea and its Legacy: An Approach to Fourth-Century Trinitarian Theology. Oxford University Press, 2004. esp. chs. 11, 14, and 15.
- Karl Barth, Church Dogmatics II/1, pp. 443-461. Cf. CD II/1, pp. 260ff., esp. 327-331.
- Christopher A. Franks, "The Simplicity of the Living God: Aquinas, Barth, and Some Philosophers" Modern Theology 21:2 (April 2005): 275-300.