Sholem Aleichem (Yiddish: שלום־עליכם, Russian: Шолом-Алейхем, Ukrainian: Шолом-Алейхем; March 2 (O.S. February 18) 1859 – May 13, 1916) was the pen name of Sholem Naumovich Rabinovich, a popular humorist and Jewish author of Yiddish literature, including novels, short stories, and plays. He did much to promote Yiddish writers, and was the first to pen children's literature in Yiddish.

His work has been widely translated. The 1964 musical Fiddler on the Roof, loosely based on Sholem Aleichem's stories about his character Tevye the Milkman, was the first commercially successful English language play about Eastern European Jewish life.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original article was at Sholem Aleichem. The list of authors can be seen in the page history.

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