Fandom

Religion Wiki

Shin'yaku Kegonkyō Ongi Shiki

34,278pages on
this wiki
Add New Page
Talk0 Share

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.

The Shin'yaku Kegonkyō Ongi Shiki (新訳華厳経音義私記?) is a Japanese annotation of the Avatamsaka Sūtra. It is the oldest Japanese ongi, or collection of difficult to interpret words showing their pronunciation and meaning[1], and is a National Treasure of Japan[2].

Background

The text is two fascicles in length[3][4]. The compiler is unknown but is presumed to have related to Tōdai-ji[2]. It is an annotation of the 80-volume Avatamsaka Sūtra. As the original was written in Chinese, the annotation contains a list of words and expressions from the original and glosses them with Japanese readings and meanings. The orthography of the Japanese suggests that it is a late Nara period text[3][4]. However, the manuscript contains a number of errors and is judged to be a copy of an earlier original[3][4]. There is only one known existing manuscript.

Linguistics

The text is viewed as a valuable reference for Old Japanese linguistics[3][4]. The Japanese annotations are written in Man'yōgana and, with the exception of /to1, to2/[3], distinguishes between Jōdai Tokushu Kanazukai. It contains a total of 162 Japanese words, many of which are the oldest extant citations[3][4]. In addition, it also contains the oldest example of a long vowel[3] as well as a number of Japanese-specific readings (慣用音) to kanji[4].

Notes

  1. Kindaichi (1988:74)
  2. 2.0 2.1 Yoshida (2001: 128)
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Omodaka (1967: 880-881)
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 Nihon Koten Bungaku Daijiten (1985: 512-513)

References

Also on Fandom

Random Wiki