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San Marco, Rome

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Coordinates: 41°53′45″N 12°28′53″E / 41.895724°N 12.481448°E / 41.895724; 12.481448

Basilica di San Marco (Roma) - facciata

Façade of the basilica. To the right, Palazzo Venezia, the former see of the embassy of the Republic of Venice, whose protector was St. Mark.

San Marco is a basilica in Rome. Devoted to St. Mark, it was built in 336 by Pope Mark and rebuilt in 833 by Pope Gregory IV; the basilica, located in the small Piazza di San Marco (adjoining Piazza Venezia), shows a Baroque style dating back to the restorations of the 17th and 18th centuries.

History

In 336, Pope Mark built a church devoted to one of the Evangelists, his name bearer St. Mark, in a place called ad Pallacinas. The church is thus recorded as Titulus Marci in the 499 synod of Pope Symmachus.

After a restoration in 792 by Pope Adrian I, the church was rebuilt by Pope Gregory IV in 833.

Madama Lucrezia a piazza san marco

Madama Lucrezia is one of the "talking statues" of Rome, and is located next to the basilica entrance. It was once the bust of a statue of the goddess Isis, whom a temple was dedicated in Rome not far from its current place.

Besides the addition of a Romanesque belltower in 1154, the major change in the architecture of the church was ordered by Pope Paul II in 1465-70, when the inside and the outside of the church were restyled according to the Renaissance taste. In that occasion the church was assigned to the Venetian people living in Rome, Paul II being a Venetian of birth.

The last major rework of the basilica was started in 1654-57 and completed by Cardinal Angelo Maria Quirini in 1735-50. With these restorations, the church received its current Baroque decoration.

Artworks

The façade (1466) was built with marbles taken from the Colosseum and the Theatre of Marcellus, and is attributed to Leone Battista Alberti.

The inside is clearly Baroque. However, the basilica shows noteworthy elements of all her millenary history:

References

  • Roma, collection "L'Italia", Touring Editore, 2004, Milano.

See also

sl:Bazilika svetega Marka, Rim

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