Hadhrat Shehzada Abdul Latif

Second Ahmadiyya martyr († 1903)

Sahibzada Abdul Latif (* 1853, - July 14, 1903), an Afghan of Khost He was born in a small village of Sayed Ga of Tani District in Khost Province, in 1853, in Afghanistan to his father Sahibzada Mohmmad Shareef. He had two brothers, Sahibzada Abdul Aziz and Sahibzada Abdul Haleef. He is often called the Sayyed-ul-Shuhada (leader of the Martyrs) within the Ahmadiyya Community

Sahibzada Zahoor Ahmad , Grand Son of Sahibzada Abdul latif real Sister , is now an active member of Ahmadi community In Pakistan , and he attended the 100 years Commemoration of death of Sahibzada Abdul Haleef on 14 July 2003 and narrated his life history.

Sahibzada Abdul Latif was called Raees-e-Kabul (Wealthiest of Kabul). He used to own 400,000 Kanals of Land in Tani in Khost and belonged to village Sayed Ga in Khost. He knew the languages of Arabic, Persian, Pushto, and was a learned man. He had visited Hoshiarpur and Deoband Markaz in Hyderabad India, was frequented by him.

He was Royal Advisor on the European influence in Afghanistan to both Amir Abdur Rahman Khan, 1880 to 1901 and to his son Amir Habibullah Khan, 1901–1919, The Kings of Afghanistan . Sahibzada Abdul Latif was an eminent member of the Ulama of Afghanistan. he Had great Influence on the Amir/ Kings of Afghanistan and it Courts / Darbar as claimed by Sahibzada Zahoor Ahmad , he had the honor to Place the Afghan Amirs crown on the head of Amir Habibullah Khan himself on the Eve of his coronation in 1901 .[1]

He claimed to be the Direct Descendant of the renowned Islamic saint Data Ganj Baksh who is buried in Lahore.

Hearing about Mirza Ghulam Ahmadof Qadian when Mirza claimed to be the 'Promised Messiah' and Mahdi and established Ahmadiyya Movement, on 23 March 1889.

As he was in Kings court , he could not go himself he then sent his colleague and friend Maulvi Abd ur-Rahman to Punjab District Qadian which is near Gurdaspur Punjab.

His friend Maulvi Abd ur-Rahman returned After having pledged his allegiance to Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian and joining Ahmadi Movemnet , he brought with him some books written by Mirza and his Ahmadi Movement publicatons from Qadian for him to Read. He became Ahmadi and Qadiani After reading this Books.

In 1902 Sahibzada Abdul Latif himself visited Qadian near Gurdaspur after he took permission from Amir Habibullah Khan, for Haj to Mecca but Instead, he went to Qadian on his way and he publicly announced his allegiance, to the Ahmadiyya movement publicly offering Bay'ah to Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, which he did not before [2]

He was able to convert Earlier then 1902 , many Tribes men of Tani in the province of Khost of Afghanistan to Becoming an Ahmadi, which enabled him to earn the eire and punishment of death by stoning from Amir Habibullah Khan.

The Final Nail in the Coffin was placeed , after he published an article about the Peculiar and Signature , Ahmadiyya views on Jihad in Kabul . As Ahmadis Ban Jihad against the British occupiers. Who were supposidily enemies of Afghans.

He was sentenced to death by Amir Habibullah Khan on 14 July 1903, for Blasphemy and Conspiracy against the State of Afghanistan.[3]

On July 14, 1903 he was stoned to death,and Killed after he was buried half Under the ground by the order of Amir Habibullah Khan of Afghanistan for the crimes of belonging to the Ahmadiyya movement and opposing Jihad against British. He is the second recognized martyr of the Ahmadi community. Mirza Ghulam Ahmad has written Books on him and his Killing.

Persecution of Ahmadis in Afghanistan

The Killing of Ahmadies in Kabul started in 1901 and then continued intermittently till 1924.[4] Since then, no more Ahmadis are left in Afghanistan or are reported still, but a possibility of their existence exists.[3]

The Maulvi Abdur Rehaman, Ahmadi , was also condemned to death by Habibullah Khan and he had to run to Turkistan, near China , but came back after his family members were jailed by Amir Habibullah Khan.[5]

In fact Prince Nasrullah Khan brother of Amir Habib Ullah Khan was also Angry at him for being Blasphemous and an Ahmadi and Pro-British. The Ahmadis regard his role as instrumental in convincing Amir Habibullah Khan to Punish him and Court Clergy/ Mualvis were also in Favour of Killing him.

The Ahmadi community Claims that the Turmoil that occurs in Afghnistan because of Great Game from 1903 onwards like the Third Afghan War of 1919 , to overthrow of Amir Amanullah Khan in 1929 ,and then in 1979 the Operation Cyclone , of CIA , and the famous Afghan Jihad / Fourth Afghan War , or the Soviet war in Afghanistan , when Afghans and the Mujahideen fought with Soviet Union known as Operation Cyclone, the later the 2001 War on Terror , when USA bombed Afghanistan and Created its bases , is because of wrath of God. After the Killing of Sahibzada Abdul Latif and Maulivi Abdur Rehman Ahmadi . As they claim it is wrath of God that is punishing them for that particular blood letting of Ahmadis. As Million of Afghans Have defienitely Lost their Lives in all this Great Game , wars of Centuries .

About 3,000,000 (Three Million) Afghan people died in Operation Cyclone and Millions more later by the Brutal Pakistan Sponsored , Taliban Rule 1994-2001 and then by the USA Great Game,War Effort , later in the 2001, also Known as the Fifth Afghan War. Which was fought as , the War on Terror when Millions Lost their lives as result of US Aerial Bombings and Continue to do so.

Interestingly Ahmadi Community claim that Cholera broke out in Afghanistan Just Immedialtely after Killing of Sahibzada Abdul Latif Brutal Killing , which killed family of the brother of Amir Habibullah Khan Prince Nasrullah Khan and many others after the water sources were infected.

Prince Nasrullah Khan was in Jail after he was accused of Killing Amir Habibullah Khan at a hunting trip. Ahmadis believes this to be curse of God after Killing of Sahibzada Abdul latif.[6]

Durand Line

In 1893 Mortimer Durand negotiated with Abdur Rahman Khan the Amir of Afghanistan, the frontier between Modern day Afghanistan, the FATA, NWFP and Baluchistan Provinces of Pakistan the successor state of British India and the successor Iran state of Khorasan.

This International Boundary line of Afghanistan and Pakistan , the Durand Line, is named after SirMortimer Durandand remains the international boundary between Afghanistan and modern-day Pakistan, officially recognized by most nations but and ongoing point of contention between the two countries.

In the year 1893 during rule of Amir Abdur Rahman Khan of Afghanistan a Royal Commission for setting up of Boundary the Durand line between Afghanistan and the British Governed India was set up to negotiate terms with the British, for the Agreeing to the Durand line Agreement , and the two parties camped at Parachinar, now part of FATA Pakistan, which is near Khost Afghanistan.

From the British side the camp was attended by Sir Mortimer Durand and Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum, Political Agent Khyber.

The Afghanistan was represented by Sahibzada Abdul Latif and the Governor Sardar Shireendil Khan representing the King Amir Abdur Rahman Khan.[7]

See also


Further reading

External links

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