The Red Abbey in Cork, Ireland was a 14th century Augustinian abbey which took its name from the reddish sandstone used in construction. Today all that remains of the structure is the central bell tower of the abbey church, which is one of the last remaining visible structures dating to the medieval walled town of Cork.
The abbey tower was used by John Churchill (later the Duke of Marlborough) as a vantage point and battery during the Siege of Cork in 1690. The siege sought to suppress an uprising in the city and its association with the expelled Catholic King of England, James II.
In the eighteenth century, the Augustinian friars established a new friary in Fishamble Lane, and the Red Abbey was turned over to use as a sugar refinery. However, a fire in the refinery destroyed much of the abbey's structure in 1799.
- ↑ Pacata Hibernia map, 1585-1600. Abbey is marked as "St. Austins"
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 CorkHeritage.ie - Red Abbey
- ↑ corkpastandpresent.ie - Red Abbey Street
- ↑ Cork City Council - History of Cork - Cork City 1645 to 1700
- ↑ Harbison, Peter, Guide to the National Monuments of Ireland, Dublin 1970
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