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Rayhana

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Part of a series on Islam
Muhammadwives
Umm-al-Momineen
Wives of Muhammad

Khadijah bint Khuwaylid

Sawda bint Zama

Aisha bint Abi Bakr

Hafsa bint Umar

Zaynab bint Khuzayma

Hind bint Abi Umayya

Zaynab bint Jahsh

Juwayriya bint al-Harith

Ramlah bint Abi Sufyan

Rayhana bint Zayd

Safiyya bint Huyayy

Maymuna bint al-Harith

Maria al-Qibtiyya

Rayhāna bint Zayd ibn ʿAmr (Arabic: ريحانة بنت زيد بن عمرو‎) was a Jewish woman from the Banu Qurayza tribe. Her relationship with Muhammad is disputed.

Rayhana was originally a member of the Banu Nadir tribe who married a man from the Banu Qurayza.

According to Ibn Ishaq, Muhammad took her as a maiden and offered her to become his wife if she accepted Islam, but she refused. Even though Rayhana is said to have later converted to Islam, she died as Muhammad's chattel.[1] According to Marco Schöller, Rayhana either became the Prophet's concubine or, was married to him and later divorced.[2]

Ibn Sa'd writes and quotes Waqidi that Rayhana herself has said that she was manumitted and married by Muhammad.[3] According to Al-Halabi, Muhammad married and appointed dowry for her. It is further narrated that, upon marriage, she refused to take the hijab, causing a rift between her and Muhammad. The couple later reconciled. She died shortly after Muhammad's hajj and was buried in Jannat al-Baqi cemetery.[4] Ibn Hajar quotes a description of house Muhammad allotted to Rayhana after their marriage from Muhammad Ibn al-Hassam's History of Medina.[5]

In another version, Hafiz Ibn Minda writes that Muhammad set Rayhana free, and she went back to live with her own people. This version is also supported as the most likely by 19th-century Muslim scholar, Shibli Nomani.[6]

Not much is known about Rayhana; she died a year before Muhammad.

See also

References

  1. Guillaume, Alfred. The Life of Muhammad: A Translation of Ibn Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah, p. 466. Oxford University Press, 1955. ISBN 0-1963-6033-1
  2. Schöller, Marco. "Qurayẓa (Banū al-)." Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān.
  3. Ibn Sa'd. Tabaqat. vol VIII, pg. 92–3. 
  4. al-Halabi, Nur al-Din. Sirat-i-Halbiyyah. Uttar Pradesh: Idarah Qasmiyyah Deoband. vol 2, part 12, pg. 90.  Translated by Muhammad Aslam Qasmi.
  5. Ibn Hajar. Isabaha. Vol. IV, pg. 309.
  6. Nomani, Shibli (1979). The Life of the Prophet. Vol. II, pg. 125–6

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