<tr><th class="fn org" style="text-align: center; font-size: larger;" colspan="2" style="background-color:#FFFF00">Ratnasambhava</th></tr>
<tr style="text-align: center;"><td colspan="2">Houshou
Hōshō Nyorai/ Ratnasambhava
Sanskrit:  Ratnasambhava
Chinese:  南方宝生部主宝生佛
Japanese:  Hōshō Nyorai 宝生如来
Tibetan:  Rinchen Jung ne
Venerated by:  Vajrayana
Attributes:  Equality, Equanimity
Shakti:  Mamaki

Portal Portal:Buddhism

Ratnasambhava is one of the Five Dhyani Buddhas (or "Five Meditation Buddhas") of Vajrayana or Tantric Buddhism. Ratnasambhava's mandalas and mantras focus on developing equanimity and equality and, in Vajrayana buddhist thought is associated with the attempt to destroy greed and pride. His consort is Lochana and his mount is a horse or a pair of lions. His wrathfull manifestation is Gundari. Often included in his retinue is the worldy dharmapāla Jambhala.

Textual History

The first documented mention of Ratnasambhava is found in the Ārya Suvarna-prabhā-sottamasutrendrarājamahāyana Sutra (Sutra of Golden Light) and in the Guhyasamaja Tantra (4th Century CE), and subsequently appears in a number of vajrayana texts. The most elaborate account of him is to be found in the Panchakara section of the Advyavajra sangrah.


Ratnasambhava is associated with the skandha of feeling or sensation and its relationship with consciousness. His activity in promoting Buddhism is enriching and increasing knowledge of Dharma. Ratnasambhava is associated with the jewel symbol, which corresponds with his family, Ratna or jewel. In artwork he is shown in the mudra of giving.

He is usually coloured yellow or gold. He is associated with the element earth, the heavenly quarter of the south and the season of autumn. His cardinal direction is the south.

In the Bardo Thodol, he is depicted in union with Mamaki and attended by the male bodhisattvas Akashagarbha and Samantabhadra and the female bodisattvas Mala and Dhupa.

In Tibet, Vaiśravaṇa, also known as Jambhala and Kubera, is considered a worldly dharmapāla, and is often depicted as a member of the retinue of Ratnasambhava.[1]


The Wisdom King Gundari is a manifestation of Ratnasambhava.

The Wisdom King Gundari is a manifestation of Ratnasambhava (Hōshō Nyorai).[2]


  1. Meeting the Buddhas By Vessantara. Windhorse Publications, 2004. ISBN: 0904766535 pg 84
  2. Asiatic Mythology 1932 J. Hackin p.428 [1]


Mythology of India: Myths of India, Sri Lanka and Tibet, Rachel Storm, Anness Publishing Limited, Editor Helen Sudell, Page 69, Column 1, Lines 9–18, Caption, Page 69, Column 4, Lines 1–4

Five Dhyani Buddhas Table 1, Row 4, Columns 1–5, Table 2, Row 2, Columns 1–12


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