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Ramkali

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This is an India musical raga (composition) that appears in the Sikh tradition from northern India and is part of the Sikh holy scripture called Sri Guru Granth Sahib or SGGS for short. Every raga has a strict set of rules which govern the number of notes that can be used; which notes can be used; and their interplay that has to be adhered to for the composition of a tune.

In the SGGS, the Sikh holy Granth (book) there are a total of 31 raga compositions and this raga is the eighteenth raga to appear in the series. The composition in this raga appear on a total of 99 pages from page numbers 876 to 975.

Ramkali is not given in the Ragmala but is one of the most important ragas of the Guru Granth Sahib. All Gurus, including Guru Tegh Bahadur, have composed verses to this raga. The total number of shabads comes to over three hundred. Ramkali is a morning raga performed after sunrise usually during the hot season. The mood is such as to inspire lofty thoughts. In the Guru Granth Sahib, a number of hymns in Ramkali expound True Yoga and other spiritual issues. Some celebrated compositions such as Sidha Gosti, Anand, Sadd, Oankar and the Var by Satta and Balvand are composed to this raga. Some of the verses also contain analogies to music and musical instruments. Four forms of this raga are recognized, although only two are in general use today. The raga belongs to the Bhairav thata.

  • Aroh: Sa Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni Sa
  • Avroh: Sa Ni Dha Pa, M'a Pa Dha Ni Dha Pa, Ga Ma Re Sa
  • Pakar: Dha Pa, Ma Pa, Dha Ni Dha Pa, Ga, Ma Re Sa
  • Vadi: Pa .
  • Samvadi: Re

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