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Protestant Cemetery, Rome

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Coordinates: 41°52′35″N 12°28′48″E / 41.876399°N 12.479943°E / 41.876399; 12.479943

Crane Protestant Cemetery

Shelley's Tomb in the Protestant Cemetery in Rome, an 1873 painting by Walter Crane. The tombstone in the foreground is actually that of John Keats; the Pyramid of Cestius is in the background.

The Protestant Cemetery (Italian: Cimitero protestante), officially called the Cimitero acattolico ("Non-Catholic Cemetery") and often referred to as the Cimitero degli Inglesi ("Englishmen's Cemetery") is a cemetery in Rome, located near Porta San Paolo alongside the Pyramid of Cestius, a small-scale Egyptian-style pyramid built in 30 BC as a tomb and later incorporated into the section of the Aurelian Walls that borders the cemetery. Mediterranean cypress trees and other foliage in the cemetery cause it to mirror the more natural style of cemeteries seen in the lusher regions of northern Europe. As the name of the cemetery indicates, it is the final resting place of non-Catholics (not only Protestants or English people).

The earliest known burial is that of an Oxford student named Langton in 1738. The most famous graves are those of the English poets John Keats (1795–1821) and Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792–1822). Keats died in Rome of tuberculosis. His epitaph, which does not mention him by name, is by his friends Joseph Severn and Charles Armitage Brown: "This grave contains all that was mortal, of a YOUNG ENGLISH POET, Who on his Death Bed, in the Bitterness of his Heart, at the Malicious Power of his Enemies, Desired these Words to be engraven on his Tomb Stone: Here lies One Whose Name was writ in Water."

Shelley drowned off the Italian Riviera and was cremated on the shore near Viareggio. His ashes were interred in the Protestant Cemetery; his heart, which his friend Edward John Trelawny had snatched from the flames, was kept by his widow Mary Shelley until her death and was later buried with the body of Sir Percy Florence Shelley, their son. [1]

Notable burials

See also

References

  1. Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 1955 X(1):114-116; doi:10.1093/jhmas/X.1.114-b
  • International Herald Tribune; Elisabeth Rosenthal; February 8, 2006; "A Cemetery of Poets Is in Crisis in Rome"

External links

sv:Protestantiska kyrkogården

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