Zen is a school of Mahāyāna Buddhism, translated from the Chinese word 禅 Chán to Japanese. This word is in turn derived from the Sanskrit dhyāna, which means "meditation" (see Etymology below).
Zen emphasizes experiential prajñā, particularly as realized in the form of meditation, in the attainment of enlightenment. As such, it de-emphasizes theoretical knowledge in favor of direct, experiential realization through meditation and dharma practice.
The establishment of Zen is traditionally credited to be in China, the Shaolin Temple, by the South Indian Pallava prince-turned-monk Bodhidharma, who came to China to teach a "special transmission outside scriptures" which "did not stand upon words". The emergence of Zen as a distinct school of Buddhism was first documented in China in the 7th century AD. It is thought to have developed as an amalgam of various currents in Mahāyāna Buddhist thought—among them the Yogācāra and Mādhyamaka philosophies and the Prajñāpāramitā literature—and of local traditions in China, particularly Taoism and Huáyán Buddhism. From China Zen subsequently spread south to Vietnam, and east to Korea and Japan.
thumb|200px|leftby Eric Sisco through Professor Rev. Dr. James Kenneth Powell II, opensourcebuddhism.org This excellently researched piece explores the nature of and role No Mind doctrine plays in Zen Buddhism. The animation of Takuan is original and the tracing of the origins of Buddhism from Bodhidharma to the Shaolin sect and on to Japan is an invaluable lesson.
In a tribute to Gadhimai, a Hindu goddess of power, a Nepalese
festival began today with the mass sacrifice of 20,000 buffalo in
the village of Bariyapur. Shortly after, 300,000 birds, sheep and
goats were similarly ritually slaughtered.
It is estimated as many as 750,000 people travelled from India,
which recently banned similar mass-sacrifices, to make up the
An all-party committee of French parliamentarians has
recommended that Muslim women should be banned from wearing face
veils when using public services such as hospitals and public
transport. Other recommendations include refusing citizenship or
residence permits to those who visibly show "radical religious
practice". The report does not call for a complete ban, but it