THE EASTERN CHRISTIANITY PORTAL
Showcased Eastern Christian content
refers collectively to the
traditions and churches which developed in the
over several centuries of religious antiquity. Eastern Christians have a shared tradition, but they became divided
during the early centuries of Christianity in disputes about
and fundamental theology. In general terms, one can identify four branches or families of Eastern Christianity, each of which has distinct
. They are: the
Assyrian Church of the East
Eastern Orthodox Churches
Oriental Orthodox Churches
, and the
Eastern Catholic Churches
- the latter being in full communion with the
Roman Catholic Church
All of the Eastern branches, as well as the Western churches, share a common Christian tradition and most of the same Christian
Biblical canon. The Eastern branches also share traditional practices in common which are not shared by the Western churches. The Eastern churches' differences from Western Christianity have as much, if not more, to do with culture, language, and politics as theology. The Assyrian Church of the East became estranged from the church of the Roman Empire in the years following the Council of Ephesus (431), Oriental Orthodoxy separated after the Council of Chalcedon (451), and the split between the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church is usually dated to 1054. This event is referred to as the Great Schism.
is a group of
. It has been the language of administration of empires and the language of divine worship. It is the original language of large sections of the
, and is the main language of the
. Aramaic was the
Aramaic of Jesus
is spoken today as a first language by numerous, scattered communities, most significantly by
. The language is considered to be
missionaries brought the language into
. From the
seventh century AD
onwards, Aramaic was replaced as the
. However, Aramaic remains a literary and liturgical language among Jews,
and some Christians, and is still spoken by small isolated communities throughout its original area of influence. The turbulence of the last two centuries has seen speakers of first-language and literary Aramaic dispersed throughout the world.
Saint John Chrysostom
Ιωάννης ο Χρυσόστομος
, was an important
Early Church Father
. He is known for his eloquence in
, his denunciation of abuse of authority by both ecclesiastical and political leaders, the
Divine Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom
, and his
sensibilities. After his death (or, according to some sources, during his life) he was given the
, meaning "golden mouthed", rendered in English as Chrysostom.
Eastern Orthodox Church honors him as a saint ( feast days: November 13 and January 27) and count him among the Three Holy Hierarchs (feast day, January 30), together with Saints Basil the Great and Gregory Nazianzus. Churches of the Western tradition, including some Anglican provinces and parts of the Lutheran Church, commemorate him on September 13. The Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria recognizes John Chrysostom as a saint (feast days: 16 Thout and 17 Hathor).
Chrysostom is known in Christianity chiefly as a
preacher, theologian and liturgist, particularly in the Eastern Orthodox Church. Among his sermons, eight directed against the Jews remain controversial for their impact on the development of Christian antisemitism.
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