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Pope Stephen IX

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Template:Pope Stephen ToP Dab

Stephen IX
B Stephan IX
Papacy began August 3, 1057
Papacy ended March 29, 1058
Predecessor Victor II
Successor Nicholas II
Personal details
Birth name Frédéric de Lorraine
Born c. 1020
Duchy of Lorraine, Holy Roman Empire
Died March 29, 1058
Florence, Italy, Holy Roman Empire
Other Popes named Stephen

Pope Stephen IX (c. 1020[1] - March 29, 1058) was Pope from August 3, 1057 to March 1058.

His baptismal name was Frederick of Lorraine (French: Frédéric de Lorraine), and he was a younger brother of Godfrey III, Duke of Lower Lorraine, who, as Marquis of Tuscany (by his marriage with Beatrice of Bar, widow of Boniface III of Tuscany), played a prominent part in the politics of the period.

Frederick, who had been raised to the cardinalate by Pope Leo IX (1049–54), discharged for some time the function of papal legate at Constantinople, and was with Leo IX in his unlucky expedition against the Normans. He shared the vicissitudes of his brother's fortunes, and at one time had to take refuge from Emperor Henry II (1002–24) in Monte Cassino. Five days after the death of Pope Victor II (who had made him cardinal-priest and abbot of Monte Cassino) he was chosen to succeed him as Pope Stephen IX [2]. He showed great zeal in enforcing the policies of the Gregorian Reform as to clerical celibacy, and was planning large schemes for the expulsion of the Normans from Italy, and the elevation of his brother to the imperial throne, when he was seized by a severe illness, from which he only partially and temporarily recovered. Stephen IX died at Florence March 29, 1058, and is considered by the current-day Roman Catholic Church to have been succeeded by Pope Nicholas II (1059–61), though others consider his successor to be Pope Benedict X (1058–59), officially regarded as an antipope.

Notes

  1. Mittermaier, Karl (2006). Die deutschen Päpste. Benedikt XVI. und seine deutschen Vorgänger. pp. 102. 
  2. He explicitly took the name and the number IX. He signed all his official documents Stephanus Nonus Papa (Stephen Ninth Pope), although some lists called him Stephen X from the second half of the 16th century to the first half of 20th.

References

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Victor II
Pope
1057–58
Succeeded by
Nicholas II


Popes of the Roman Catholic Church
PeterLinusAnacletusClement IEvaristusAlexander ISixtus ITelesphorusHyginusPius IAnicetusSoterEleuterusVictor IZephyrinusCallixtus IUrban IPontianAnterusFabianCorneliusLucius IStephen ISixtus IIDionysiusFelix IEutychianCaiusMarcellinusMarcellus IEusebiusMiltiadesSilvester IMarkJulius ILiberiusDamasus ISiriciusAnastasius IInnocent IZosimusBoniface ICelestine ISixtus IIILeo IHilariusSimpliciusFelix IIIGelasius IAnastasius IISymmachusHormisdasJohn IFelix IVBoniface IIJohn IIAgapetus ISilveriusVigiliusPelagius IJohn IIIBenedict IPelagius IIGregory ISabinianBoniface IIIBoniface IVAdeodatus IBoniface VHonorius ISeverinusJohn IVTheodore IMartin IEugene IVitalianAdeodatus IIDonusAgathoLeo IIBenedict IIJohn VCononSergius IJohn VIJohn VIISisinniusConstantineGregory IIGregory IIIZacharyStephen IIPaul IStephen IIIAdrian ILeo IIIStephen IVPaschal IEugene IIValentineGregory IVSergius IILeo IVBenedict IIINicholas IAdrian IIJohn VIIIMarinus IAdrian IIIStephen VFormosusBoniface VIStephen VIRomanusTheodore IIJohn IXBenedict IVLeo VSergius IIIAnastasius IIILandoJohn XLeo VIStephen VIIJohn XILeo VIIStephen VIIIMarinus IIAgapetus IIJohn XIILeo VIIIBenedict VJohn XIIIBenedict VIBenedict VIIJohn XIVJohn XVGregory VSilvester IIJohn XVIIJohn XVIIISergius IVBenedict VIIIJohn XIXBenedict IXSilvester IIIBenedict IXGregory VIClement IIBenedict IXDamasus IILeo IXVictor IIStephen IXNicholas IIAlexander IIGregory VIIVictor IIIUrban IIPaschal IIGelasius IICallixtus IIHonorius IIInnocent IICelestine IILucius IIEugene IIIAnastasius IVAdrian IVAlexander IIILucius IIIUrban IIIGregory VIIIClement IIICelestine IIIInnocent IIIHonorius IIIGregory IXCelestine IVInnocent IVAlexander IVUrban IVClement IVGregory XInnocent VAdrian VJohn XXINicholas IIIMartin IVHonorius IVNicholas IVCelestine VBoniface VIIIBenedict XIClement VJohn XXIIBenedict XIIClement VIInnocent VIUrban VGregory XIUrban VIBoniface IXInnocent VIIGregory XIIMartin VEugene IVNicholas VCallixtus IIIPius IIPaul IISixtus IVInnocent VIIIAlexander VIPius IIIJulius IILeo XAdrian VIClement VIIPaul IIIJulius IIIMarcellus IIPaul IVPius IVPius VGregory XIIISixtus VUrban VIIGregory XIVInnocent IXClement VIIILeo XIPaul VGregory XVUrban VIIIInnocent XAlexander VIIClement IXClement XInnocent XIAlexander VIIIInnocent XIIClement XIInnocent XIIIBenedict XIIIClement XIIBenedict XIVClement XIIIClement XIVPius VIPius VIILeo XIIPius VIIIGregory XVIPius IXLeo XIIIPius XBenedict XVPius XIPius XIIJohn XXIIIPaul VIJohn Paul IJohn Paul IIBenedict XVI



af:Pous Stefanus IX

ca:Esteve IX cs:Štěpán IX.eo:Stefano la 9-a fa:استفان نهمgl:Estevo IX, papa ko:교황 스테파노 9세 hr:Stjepan IX. id:Paus Stefanus IXjv:Paus Stephanus X sw:Papa Stefano IX la:Stephanus X lt:Steponas IX hu:X. István pápa mk:Папа Стефан IX mr:पोप स्टीवन नववाno:Stefan IXpt:Papa Estêvão X ro:Papa Ştefan al IX-lea ru:Стефан IX (X) (папа римский) fi:Stefanus IX sv:Stefan IX tl:Esteban IX th:สมเด็จพระสันตะปาปาสตีเฟนที่ 9 uk:Стефан IX (X) war:Papa Esteban IX zh:司提反十世

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