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Pope Sergius IV

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Sergius IV
Sergius IV
Papacy began July 31, 1009
Papacy ended May 12, 1012
Predecessor John XVIII
Successor Benedict VIII
Personal details
Birth name Pietro Martino Buccaporci
Born Unknown
Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire
Died May 12, 1012
Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire
Other Popes named Sergius

Sergius IV (born in Rome, died May 12, 1012), born Pietro Martino Buccaporci, was Pope from July 31, 1009, until his death. The date of his birth is unknown. His birth name is believed to have been Pietro Martino (Peter Martin) Buccaporci. This name essentially translated to "Peter Pig's Snout."[1] Pietro adopted the name Sergius IV upon accession to the pontificate.

Boccapecora was the son of a shoemaker (also named Pietro) who lived in the city of Rome. Despite his family's poor background, he performed well after entering the Church, and rose quickly through the ranks. In 1004, he became Bishop of Albano. Upon the abdication of Pope John XVIII (1004–09) he was elected pope, and adopted the name of Sergius IV.

The power held by Sergius IV was often overshadowed by Crescentius III, the ruler of the city of Rome at the time. Some historians have claimed that Sergius IV was essentially a puppet ruler for Crescentius III. Others, however, claimed that the Pope resisted Crescentius III's power. There is some evidence that Sergius IV gave political backing to an anti-Crescentius faction in the city.

Acts sometimes attributed to Pope Sergius IV include measures to relieve famine in the city of Rome, the exemption of certain monasteries from episcopal rule, and a papal bull calling for Islam to be driven from the Holy Land after the Church of the Holy Sepulchre was destroyed in 1009 by the Fatimid caliph al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah. Some historians have suggested that this bull was actually invented around the time of the First Crusade, in order to help justify that expedition to Jerusalem. More recently though, historians have forcefully argued for the document's authenticity.

Sergius IV died on May 12, 1012, and was followed in the papacy by Pope Benedict VIII (1012–24). There was some suspicion that the Pope was murdered, as he died within a week of Crescentius, considered by many to have been his patron. Sergius was buried in the Lateran Basilica, and is sometimes venerated as a Saint by the Benedictines.

References

  1. Catholic Encyclopedia entry
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
John XVIII
Pope
1009–12
Succeeded by
Benedict VIII


Popes of the Roman Catholic Church
PeterLinusAnacletusClement IEvaristusAlexander ISixtus ITelesphorusHyginusPius IAnicetusSoterEleuterusVictor IZephyrinusCallixtus IUrban IPontianAnterusFabianCorneliusLucius IStephen ISixtus IIDionysiusFelix IEutychianCaiusMarcellinusMarcellus IEusebiusMiltiadesSilvester IMarkJulius ILiberiusDamasus ISiriciusAnastasius IInnocent IZosimusBoniface ICelestine ISixtus IIILeo IHilariusSimpliciusFelix IIIGelasius IAnastasius IISymmachusHormisdasJohn IFelix IVBoniface IIJohn IIAgapetus ISilveriusVigiliusPelagius IJohn IIIBenedict IPelagius IIGregory ISabinianBoniface IIIBoniface IVAdeodatus IBoniface VHonorius ISeverinusJohn IVTheodore IMartin IEugene IVitalianAdeodatus IIDonusAgathoLeo IIBenedict IIJohn VCononSergius IJohn VIJohn VIISisinniusConstantineGregory IIGregory IIIZacharyStephen IIPaul IStephen IIIAdrian ILeo IIIStephen IVPaschal IEugene IIValentineGregory IVSergius IILeo IVBenedict IIINicholas IAdrian IIJohn VIIIMarinus IAdrian IIIStephen VFormosusBoniface VIStephen VIRomanusTheodore IIJohn IXBenedict IVLeo VSergius IIIAnastasius IIILandoJohn XLeo VIStephen VIIJohn XILeo VIIStephen VIIIMarinus IIAgapetus IIJohn XIILeo VIIIBenedict VJohn XIIIBenedict VIBenedict VIIJohn XIVJohn XVGregory VSilvester IIJohn XVIIJohn XVIIISergius IVBenedict VIIIJohn XIXBenedict IXSilvester IIIBenedict IXGregory VIClement IIBenedict IXDamasus IILeo IXVictor IIStephen IXNicholas IIAlexander IIGregory VIIVictor IIIUrban IIPaschal IIGelasius IICallixtus IIHonorius IIInnocent IICelestine IILucius IIEugene IIIAnastasius IVAdrian IVAlexander IIILucius IIIUrban IIIGregory VIIIClement IIICelestine IIIInnocent IIIHonorius IIIGregory IXCelestine IVInnocent IVAlexander IVUrban IVClement IVGregory XInnocent VAdrian VJohn XXINicholas IIIMartin IVHonorius IVNicholas IVCelestine VBoniface VIIIBenedict XIClement VJohn XXIIBenedict XIIClement VIInnocent VIUrban VGregory XIUrban VIBoniface IXInnocent VIIGregory XIIMartin VEugene IVNicholas VCallixtus IIIPius IIPaul IISixtus IVInnocent VIIIAlexander VIPius IIIJulius IILeo XAdrian VIClement VIIPaul IIIJulius IIIMarcellus IIPaul IVPius IVPius VGregory XIIISixtus VUrban VIIGregory XIVInnocent IXClement VIIILeo XIPaul VGregory XVUrban VIIIInnocent XAlexander VIIClement IXClement XInnocent XIAlexander VIIIInnocent XIIClement XIInnocent XIIIBenedict XIIIClement XIIBenedict XIVClement XIIIClement XIVPius VIPius VIILeo XIIPius VIIIGregory XVIPius IXLeo XIIIPius XBenedict XVPius XIPius XIIJohn XXIIIPaul VIJohn Paul IJohn Paul IIBenedict XVI



af:Pous Sergius IV

ca:Sergi IV cs:Sergius IV.fa:سرگیوس چهارمgl:Serxio IV, papa ko:교황 세르지오 4세 hr:Sergije IV. id:Paus Sergius IVjv:Paus Sergius IV sw:Papa Sergio IV la:Sergius IV lt:Sergijus IV hu:IV. Sergius pápa mk:Папа Сергиј IV mr:पोप सर्जियस चौथाja:セルギウス4世 (ローマ教皇)pt:Papa Sérgio IV ro:Papa Sergiu al IV-lea ru:Сергий IV (папа римский) fi:Sergius IV sv:Sergius IV tl:Sergio IV th:สมเด็จพระสันตะปาปาเซอร์จิอุสที่ 4 uk:Сергій IV war:Papa Sergio IV zh:思齊四世

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