|Papacy began||1 April 1605|
|Papacy ended||27 April 1605|
|Birth name||Alessandro Ottaviano de' Medici|
June 2, 1535|
Florence, Duchy of Florence
April 27, 1605 (aged 69)|
Rome, Papal State
|Other Popes named Leo|
Pope Leo XI (2 June 1535 – 27 April 1605), born Alessandro Ottaviano de' Medici, was Pope from 1 April 1605 to 27 April of the same year.
He was born in Florence: his mother, Francesca Salviati, was a daughter of Jacopo Salviati and Lucrezia de' Medici, a sister of Leo X, while his father, Ottaviano, was a more distant scion of the Medici family. After a late start, he was ordained priest, and Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, sent him as an appropriate ambassador to Pope Pius V, a position which he held for fifteen years. Gregory XIII made him bishop of Pistoia in 1573, archbishop of Florence in 1574, and Cardinal-Priest of Santi Quirico e Giulitta in 1583.
|Styles of |
|Reference style||His Holiness|
|Spoken style||Your Holiness|
|Religious style||Holy Father|
On 14 March 1605, eleven days after the death of Clement VIII, 62 cardinals entered the conclave. Prominent among the candidates for the papacy were the great historian Baronius and the famous Jesuit controversialist Robert Bellarmine. But Aldobrandini, the leader of the Italian party among the cardinals, allied with the French cardinals and brought about the election of Alessandro against the express wish of King Philip III of Spain. King Henry IV of France is said to have spent 300,000 écus in the promotion of Alessandro's candidacy. On 1 April, 1605, Alessandro ascended the papal throne with the Medici name Leo XI, being then almost seventy years of age, but was taken ill immediately after his coronation and died within the month.
He was nicknamed Papa Lampo ("Lightning Pope") for the brevity of his pontificate.
|Catholic Church titles|
| Succeeded by|
bg:Лъв XI ca:Lleó XI cs:Lev XI. da:Pave Leo 11.et:Leo XIfa:لئون یازدهمgl:León XI, papa ko:교황 레오 11세 hr:Lav XI. id:Paus Leo XI is:Leó 11.jv:Paus Leo XI ka:ლეო XI sw:Papa Leo XI la:Leo XI hu:XI. Leó pápa mk:Папа Лав XI mr:पोप लिओ अकरावाja:レオ11世 (ローマ教皇) no:Leo XIpt:Papa Leão XI ro:Papa Leon al XI-lea ru:Лев XI sl:Papež Leon XI. fi:Leo XI sv:Leo XI tl:Leo XI th:สมเด็จพระสันตะปาปาลีโอที่ 11 uk:Лев XI vi:Giáo hoàng Leo XI war:Papa Leon XI zh:良十一世