Ad blocker interference detected!
Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers
Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.
|Papacy began||March 21, 1191|
|Papacy ended||January 8, 1198|
|Birth name||Giacinto Bobone|
Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire
January 8, 1198|
Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire
|Other Popes named Celestine|
Pope Celestine III (Rome, c. 1106 – January 8, 1198), born Giacinto Bobone, was elected Pope on March 21, 1191, and reigned until his death. He was born into the noble Orsini family, though he was only a cardinal deacon before becoming Pope. He was ordained a priest on April 13, 1191, ruled the church six years, nine months, and nine days (though believed to have been about eighty five when elected), died January 8, 1198, and was buried at the Lateran.
He crowned the Emperor Henry VI (1190–97) on the day after his election with a ceremony symbolizing his absolute supremacy, as described by Roger of Hoveden, who is believed (more reasonably as it would seem) by Baronius, but discredited by Natalis Alexander. He subsequently excommunicated the same Henry VI for wrongfully keeping Richard I of England (1189–99) in prison. He place Pisa under an interdict, which was lifted by his successor Innocent III in 1198. He condemned Alfonso IX's marriage to Teresa of Portugal on the grounds of consanguinity. Then, in 1196, he excommunicated Alfonso IX for making peace with the Muslims while making war on Castile. Following the marriage between Alfonso and Berenguela of Castile, Celestine excommunicated Alfonso and placed an interdict over Leon.
He would have resigned the Papacy, and recommended a successor (Cardinal Giovanni di San Paolo, OSB) shortly before his death, but was not allowed to do so by the cardinals.
- ↑ The New Cambridge Medieval History, Vol.1, Ed. David Luscombe, Jonathan Riley-Smith, (Cambridge University Press, 2004), 417.
- ↑ The New Cambridge Medieval History, Vol.1, 417
- ↑ The New Cambridge Medieval History, Vol.1, 417-418.
- ↑ Sikes, Thomas Burr, History of the Christian Church, from the first to the fifteenth century, (Eliott Stock, 1885), 187.
- ↑ Clarke, Peter D., The interdict in the thirteenth century: a question of collective guilt, (Oxford University Press, 2007), 118.
- ↑ Moore, John Clare, Pope Innocent III (1160/61-1216): to root up and to plant, (BRILL, 2003), 70-71.
- ↑ Urban, William, The Teutonic Knights, (Greenhill Books, 2003), 12-13.
- Clarke, Peter D., The interdict in the thirteenth century: a question of collective guilt, Oxford University Press, 2007.
- Moore, John Clare, Pope Innocent III (1160/61-1216): to root up and to plant, BRILL, 2003.
- Sikes, Thomas Burr, History of the Christian Church, from the first to the fifteenth century, Eliott Stock, 1885.
- The New Cambridge Medieval History, Vol.1, Ed. David Luscombe, Jonathan Riley-Smith, Cambridge University Press, 2004.
- Urban, William, The Teutonic Knights, Greenhill Books, 2003.
|Catholic Church titles|
| Succeeded by|
initial text from the 9th edition (1876) of an old encyclopediaaf:Pous Celestinus III ca:Celestí III cs:Celestýn III.eu:Zelestino III.a fa:سلستین سومgl:Celestino III, papa ko:교황 첼레스티노 3세 hr:Celestin III. id:Paus Selestinus IIIjv:Paus Celestinus III sw:Papa Celestino III la:Caelestinus III lv:Celestīns III lt:Celestinas III hu:III. Celesztin pápa mk:Папа Целестин III mr:पोप सेलेस्टीन तिसराja:ケレスティヌス3世 (ローマ教皇) no:Celestin III nds:Coelestin III.pt:Papa Celestino III ru:Целестин III (папа римский) fi:Celestinus III sv:Celestinus III tl:Celestino III th:สมเด็จพระสันตะปาปาเซเลสทีนที่ 3 uk:Целестин III war:Papa Celestino III zh:雷定三世