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|Papacy began||September 25, 1143|
|Papacy ended||March 8, 1144|
|Birth name||Guido di Castello|
Città di Castello, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire
March 8, 1144|
Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire
|Other Popes named Celestine|
Pope Celestine II (died March 8, 1144), born Guido di Castello, was pope from 1143 to 1144.
His first home was in Città di Castello in a place called Paterna Santa Felicita on a hill of Apennine. He had studied under Pierre Abélard. He was created Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria in Via Lata by Pope Honorius II in 1128; as such, he signed the papal bulls between April 3, 1130 and December 21, 1133. In the double papal election, 1130 he joined the obedience of Pope Innocent II. In December 1133 he was promoted to the rank of Cardinal-Priest of S. Marco. He signed the papal bulls as S.R.E. indignus sacerdos between January 12, 1134 and May 16, 1143. He participated in the papal election, 1143 and was elected pope.
He governed the Church for only five months and thirteen days from his election until his death, March 8, 1144. The principal act of his papacy was the absolution of Louis VII of France (1137–80) at the request of the penitent monarch, and the removal of the interdict under which France had lain for three years. He was buried at the Lateran.
- ↑ J.M.Brixius, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181, Berlin, 1912, p. 35 no. 19
- ↑ J.M.Brixius, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181, Berlin, 1912, p. 35 no. 19 and p. 43 no. 23, indicates that Guido del Castello and Guido S.R.E. indignus sacerdos were two different persons; but see L. Spätling, Kardinal Guido und seine Legation in Böhmen-Mähren (1142-1146) in: Mitteilungen des Instituts für österreichische Geschichtsforschung, Wagner'sche Universitäts-buchhandlung, 1958, p. 310
|Catholic Church titles|
| Succeeded by|
Initial text from the 9th edition (1876) of a famous encyclopedia. Please update as needed.
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