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Pope Benedict XVI

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Benedict XVI
BentoXVI-30-10052007
Papacy began 19 April 2005
Predecessor John Paul II
Personal details
Birth name Joseph Alois Ratzinger
Born 16 April 1927 (1927-04-16) (age 87)
Marktl am Inn, Bavaria, Germany
Nationality German and Vatican
Signature Pope Benedict XVI Signature
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Pope Benedict XVI (Latin: Benedictus PP. XVI; Italian: Benedetto XVI; German: Benedikt XVI.; born Joseph Alois Ratzinger on 16 April 1927) is the 265th and reigning Pope, by virtue of his office of Bishop of Rome, the head of the Catholic Church and, as such, Sovereign of the Vatican City State.[1] He was elected on 19 April 2005 in a papal conclave, celebrated his Papal Inauguration Mass on 24 April 2005, and took possession of his cathedral, the Basilica of St. John Lateran, on 7 May 2005. A native of Bavaria, Pope Benedict XVI has both German and Vatican citizenship. He succeeded Pope John Paul II.

Benedict XVI is theologically conservative, and his teaching and prolific[2] writings defend traditional Catholic doctrine and values. After a long career as an internationally noted academic, serving as a professor of theology at various German universities, he was appointed Archbishop of Munich and Freising and cardinal by Pope Paul VI in 1977. In 1981, he settled in Rome when he became Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, one of the most important offices of the Roman Curia. At the time of his election as Pope, he was also Dean of the College of Cardinals, and as such the primus inter pares among the cardinals.

During his papacy, Benedict XVI has emphasized what he sees as a need for Europe to return to fundamental Christian values in response to increasing de-Christianisation and secularisation in many developed countries. For this reason, he proclaims relativism's denial of objective truth—and more particularly, the denial of moral truths—as the central problem of the 21st century. He teaches the importance for the Catholic Church and for humanity of contemplating God's redemptive love and has reaffirmed the "importance of prayer in the face of the activism and the growing secularism of many Christians engaged in charitable work." The Pope has also revived a number of traditions, and notably given the Tridentine Mass a more prominent position.

Pope Benedict was also the founder and patron of the Ratzinger Foundation, a charitable organisation, which makes money from the sale of books and essays written by the Pope, in order to fund scholarships and bursaries for students across the world.[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. The precise number of popes has been a matter for scholarly debate for centuries. John A. Hardon's Modern Catholic Dictionary (1980) lists Pope John Paul II (1978–2005) as 264th Pope, making Benedict XVI the 265th.
  2. "Vatican to publish entire work by bestselling author Pope Benedict XVI". Times Online. 2008-06-06. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/faith/article4079549.ece. Retrieved 2009-05-06. 
  3. Moore, Malcolm (2008-06-06). "Pope Benedict XVI's book is a best-seller". Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/italy/2086735/Pope-Benedict-XVI's-book-is-a-best-seller.html. Retrieved 2009-07-08. 

Further readingEdit

Books by Pope BenedictEdit

  • Daughter Zion: Meditations on the Church's Marian Belief (1983)
  • Schauen auf den Durchbohrten: Versuche zu einer spirituellen Christologie — The Theological Basis for a Spiritual Christology (1984) (English title Behold the Pierced One, Ignatius, 1986)
  • Ratzinger, Joseph (1985). The Ratzinger Report. San Francisco: Ignatius Press. ISBN 0898700809. 
  • Dogma and Preaching (Franciscan Herald, 1985)
  • Feast of Faith: Approaches to a Theology of the Liturgy (Ignatius, 1986)
  • Principles of Christian Morality (Ignatius, 1986)
  • Journey Towards Easter: Retreat Given in the Vatican in the Presence of Pope John Paul II (1987)
  • Principles of Catholic Theology: Building Stones for a Fundamental Theology (Ignatius, 1987)
  • Ratzinger, Joseph (1988). Johann Auer and Joseph Ratzinger. ed. Eschatology, Death and Eternal Life. Dogmatic Theology. 9. Washington: Catholic University of America Press. ISBN 0813206332. 
  • Mary: God's Yes to Man : Pope John Paul II Encyclical Letter : Mother of the Redeemer (Ignatius, 1988)
  • "In the Beginning...": A Catholic Understanding of the Story of Creation and the Fall (Our Sunday Visitor, 1990)
  • To Look on Christ: Exercises in Faith, Hope, and Love (Crossroad, 1991)
  • Co-Workers of the Truth: Meditations for Every Day of the Year (Ignatius, 1992)
  • The Meaning of Christian Brotherhood (Ignatius, 1993)
  • A Turning Point for Europe?: The Church in the Modern World-Assessment and Forecast (Ignatius, 1994)
  • The Nature and Mission of Theology: Essays to Orient Theology in Today's Debates (Ignatius, 1995)
  • Called to Communion: Understanding the Church Today (Ignatius, 1996)
  • Gospel, Catechesis, Catechism: Sidelights on the Catechism of the Catholic Church (Ignatius, 1997)
  • Ratzinger, Joseph (1997). Salt of the Earth: an interview with Peter Seewald. San Francisco: Ignatius Press. ISBN 0898706408. 
  • Catechism of the Catholic Church: Corrigenda (1998)
  • Ad Tuendam Fidem — to Protect the Faith (1998)
  • Milestones: Memoirs 1927-1977 (Ignatius, 1998)
  • Many Religions, One Covenant: Israel, the Church, and the World (1999)
  • The Spirit of the Liturgy (2000)
  • Introduction to Christianity, revised ed. (Ignatius, 2004)
  • God and the World: A Conversation With Peter Seewald (Ignatius, 2002)
  • God Is Near Us: The Eucharist, the Heart of Life (Ignatius, 2003)
  • Truth and Tolerance: Christian Belief And World Religions (Ignatius, 2004)
  • Way of the Cross at the Colosseum on Good Friday 2005, Introduction, and Meditations and prayers on the 14 Stations of the Cross.
  • The End of Time?: The Provocation of Talking about God (2005)
  • Pilgrim Fellowship Of Faith: The Church As Communion (Ignatius, 2005)
  • On the Way to Jesus Christ (Ignatius, 2005)
  • God's Revolution (Ignatius, 2006)
  • Christianity and the Crisis of Cultures (Ignatius, 2006)
  • Values in a Time of Upheaval (Ignatius, 2006)
  • The Dialectics of Secularization: On Reason and Religion, co-authored with Jürgen Habermas, (Ignatius, 2007)
  • Pope Benedict XVI (2006). God Is Love(Deus Caritas Est), First Encyclical of Pope Benedict XVI. City: USCCB Publisher. ISBN 1574557580. 
  • Pope Benedict XVI (2007). Jesus of Nazareth: from the Baptism in the Jordan to the Transfiguration. Garden City: Doubleday. ISBN 0385523416. 
  • Pope Benedict XVI (2007). The Apostles. Huntington: Our Sunday Visitor. ISBN 9781592764051. 
  • Pope Benedict XVI (2005). Robert Moynihan. ed. Let God's Light Shine Forth:The Spiritual Vision of Pope Benedict XVI. Garden City: Doubleday. ISBN 0385507925. 

Literature about Pope BenedictEdit

  • Allen, John L.: Cardinal Ratzinger: the Vatican's enforcer of the faith. – New York: Continuum, 2000
  • Herrmann, Horst: Benedikt XVI. Der neue Papst aus Deutschland. – Berlin 2005
  • Nichols OP, Aidan: Theology of Joseph Ratzinger. – Edinburgh; T&T Clark, 1988
  • Pater Prior Maximilian Heim: Joseph Ratzinger — Kirchliche Existenz und existenzielle Theologie unter dem Anspruch von Lumen gentium (diss.).
  • Twomey, D. Vincent, S.V.D.: Pope Benedict XVI: The Conscience of Our Age (A Theological Portrait). – San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 2007
  • Wagner, Karl: Kardinal Ratzinger: der Erzbischof in München und Freising in Wort und Bild. – München : Pfeiffer, 1977

BiographiesEdit

  • Allen, John L. The Rise of Benedict XVI: The Inside Story of How the Pope Was Elected and Where He Will Take the Catholic Church. NY: Doubleday, 2005. ISBN 0-385-51320-8.
  • Allen, John L. Pope Benedict XVI: A Biography of Joseph Ratzinger. New York: Continuum International Publishing Group, 2005. ISBN 0-8264-1786-8. This is a reprint of Allen's 2000 book Cardinal Ratzinger: the Vatican's Enforcer of the Faith, reprinted without Allen's permission.
  • Bardazzi, Marco. In the Vineyard of the Lord : The Life, Faith, and Teachings of Joseph Ratzinger, Pope Benedict XVI. New York: Rizzoli International, 2005. ISBN 0-8478-2801-8
  • Bunson, Matthew. We Have a Pope! Benedict XVI Huntington, IN: Our Sunday Visitor. ISBN 1-59276-180-1.
  • Pursell, Brennan, Benedict of Bavaria: An Intimate Portrait of the Pope and His Homeland (Circle Press, 2008). ISBN: 1-933271-17-5.
  • Tobin, Greg. Holy Father : Pope Benedict XVI: Pontiff for a New Era. Sterling, 2005. ISBN 1-4027-3172-8.
  • Weigel, George. God's Choice: Pope Benedict XVI and the Future of the Catholic Church, Harper Collins, 2005. ISBN 0-06-621331-2.

DocumentariesEdit

  • The Keys of the Kingdom, from John Paul II to Benedict XVI, produced by Vatican Television Center, distributed by HDH Communications, 2006.

ExternalEdit

Encyclicals by Benedict XVI
General
Episcopal Lineage
Consecrated by: Josef Stangl
Date of consecration: 28 May 1977
Consecrator of
Bishop Date of consecration
Alberto Cardinal Bovone 12 May 1984
Zygmunt Zimowski 25 May 2002
Josef Clemens 6 January 2004
Bruno Forte 8 September 2004
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Julius Cardinal Döpfner
Archbishop of Munich and Freising
1977 – 1982
Succeeded by
Friedrich Cardinal Wetter
Preceded by
Franjo Cardinal Šeper
Prefect of the Congregation
for the Doctrine of the Faith

1981 – 2005
Succeeded by
William Cardinal Levada
Preceded by
Bernardin Cardinal Gantin
Dean of the College of Cardinals
2002 – 2005
Succeeded by
Angelo Cardinal Sodano
Preceded by
John Paul II
Pope
2005 – present
Incumbent


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