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|Papacy began||29 May 1724|
|Papacy ended||21 February 1730|
|Birth name||Pietro Francesco Orsini|
February 2, 1649|
Gravina in Puglia, Kingdom of Naples
February 21, 1730 (aged 81)|
Rome, Papal State
|Other Popes named Benedict|
He was born in Gravina in Puglia to Ferdinando III Orsini, duke of Gravina, and Giovanna Frangipani della Tolfa, from Toritto. He was a member of the Orsini of Rome, the third and last member of that family to become Pope. He entered the Dominican Order and received the name Vincenzo Maria. He was named Cardinal-Priest of San Sisto on 22 February 1672 (allegedly, against his will); later he was bishop of Manfredonia, bishop of Cesena and then archbishop of Benevento.
At first, he called himself Benedict XIV, but afterwards altered the title to Benedict XIII (the previous Benedict XIII having been considered an antipope).
|Styles of |
|Reference style||His Holiness|
|Spoken style||Your Holiness|
|Religious style||Holy Father|
He endeavoured to put a stop to the decadent lifestyles of the Italian priesthood and of the cardinalate. He also abolished the lottery in Rome. A man fond above all of asceticism and religious celebrations, according to Cardinal Lambertini (later Pope as Benedict XIV) he "did not have any idea about how to rule". The government was effectively held in his lieu by Niccolò Cardinal Coscia, who had been Benedict's secretary when he was archbishop of Benevento, and who committed a long series of financial abuses at his own advantage, causing the ruin of the Papal treasure. According to Montesquieu, "All the money of Rome go to Benevento... as the Beneventani direct [Benedict's] weakness".
Pope Benedict XIII repealed the world wide smoking ban set by Pope Urban VIII.
Benedict XIII, whose orders were descended from Scipione Cardinal Rebiba, personally consecrated at least 139 bishops for various important European sees, including German, French, English and New World bishops. These bishops in turn consecrated bishops almost exclusively for their respective countries causing other episcopal lineages to die. As a result, more than 90% of present-day bishops trace their episcopal lineage through him to Cardinal Rebiba  .
Benedict died in 1730 and was buried in a tomb in Santa Maria sopra Minerva completed by Pietro Bracci and others. Coscia fled from the city in the circumstance, being excommunicated under the new Pope Clement XII. He was later restored and took part in the conclaves of 1730 and 1740.
The comment to Benedict's death by Pasquino, the popular satirist of Rome, was:
- "This tomb encloses
- the bones of a little friar:
- more than a saint's lover
- a protector of brigands"
|Consecrated by:||Paluzzo Paluzzi Altieri Degli Albertoni|
|Date of consecration:||February 3, 1675|
|Bishop||Date of consecration|
|Tiberio Muscettola||May 19, 1680|
|Domenico Diez de Aux||November 13, 1689|
|Fabrizio Cianci||November 30, 1689|
|Marcello Cavalieri||January 15, 1690|
|Giuseppe Rosa||January 22, 1690|
|Giuseppe Ponzi||January 22, 1690|
|Pietro Vecchia||March 12, 1690|
- "Pope Benedict XIII" in the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia.
- Rendina, Claudio (1993). I papi. Storia e segreti. Rome: Newton Compton.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Benedictus XIII|
- ↑ Pope Benedict X is now considered an antipope. At the time, however, this status was not recognised and so the man the Roman Catholic church officially considers the tenth true Pope Benedict took the official number XI, rather than X. This has advanced the numbering of all subsequent Popes Benedict by one. Popes Benedict XI-XVI are, from an official point of view, the tenth through fifteenth popes by that name.
- ↑ Rendina, p. 590
- ↑ Rendina, p. 592
|Catholic Church titles|
| Succeeded by|
ca:Papa Benet XIII cs:Benedikt XIII.et:Benedictus XIIIfa:بندیکت سیزدهمgl:Bieito XIII, papa ko:교황 베네딕토 13세 hr:Benedikt XIII. id:Paus Benediktus XIIIjv:Paus Benediktus XIII sw:Papa Benedikto XIII la:Benedictus XIII lt:Benediktas XIII hu:XIII. Benedek pápa mk:Папа Бенедикт XIII mr:पोप बेनेडिक्ट तेरावाja:ベネディクトゥス13世 (ローマ教皇) no:Benedikt XIIIpt:Papa Bento XIII ro:Papa Benedict al XIII-lea ru:Бенедикт XIII (папа римский) sk:Benedikt XIII. sl:Papež Benedikt XIII. fi:Benedictus XIII sv:Benedictus XIII tl:Benedicto XIII (Papa) th:สมเด็จพระสันตะปาปาเบเนดิกต์ที่ 13 uk:Бенедикт XIII war:Papa Benedicto XIII zh:本篤十三世