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Phicol, also spelled Phichol (KJV) or Phikol, (Hebrew: פִיכֹל‎, meaning "great"; Latin: Phicol) was a Philistine military leader.

Phicol was the chief captain of the army of Abimelech, the Philistine king of Gerar. He entered into an alliance with Abraham with reference to a certain well which, from this circumstance, was called Beersheba, "the well of the oath" (Genesis 21:22,32; 26:26).[1]

The Phicol mentioned in Genesis 26:26 is in relation to an agreement between Isaac and Abimelech, whereas the Phicol mentioned in Genesis 21:22, 32 is in relation to an agreement between Abraham and Abimelech. Therefore, the name Phicol may be a namesake handed down through a generation or possibly even the name of a title (both are referred to as "commander of the army"), such as Abimelech. [2]


  1. Easton's Bible Dictionary (1897), "Phicol"
  2. Walvoord, John F. and Zuck, Roy B. The Bible Knowledge Commentary, ChariotVictor Publishing, 1985, p. 71.
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original article was at Phicol. The list of authors can be seen in the page history.

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