Petrus de Monte Libano was a Maronite friar from Syria who was sent in 1516 by Ludwig II of Hungary to the Persian court of the Safavid Empire to negotiate a Habsburg-Persian alliance against the Ottoman Empire.[1]

That same year, the was sent by the Persian court to Poland with letters addressed to European monarchs proposing an anti-Ottoman alliance.[2]

In October 1523 Petrus de Monte Libano was again sent on a mission to Emperor Charles V and Ludwig II of Hungary again to establish an alliance.[3]


  1. The Cambridge history of Iran by William Bayne Fisher p.382 [1]
  2. Embassy of Poland
  3. Encyclopedia Iranica

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