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Peter Doi

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Styles of
Peter Doi
CardinalCoA PioM
Reference style His Eminence
Spoken style Your Eminence
Informal style Cardinal
See Tokyo

Peter Tatsuo Doi (December 22, 1892—February 21, 1970) was a Japanese Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Tokyo from 1937 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1960.


Born in Sendai, Peter Doi was baptized at age 9, on April 21, 1902. He studied at the seminary in Sendai and the Pontifical Urbaniana University in Rome before being ordained to the priesthood on May 1, 1921. Doi then did pastoral work in Sendai until 1934, when he was made Secretary of the Apostolic Delegation to Japan.

On December 2, 1937, Doi was appointed Archbishop of Tokyo by Pope Pius XI. He received his episcopal consecration on February 13, 1938 from Archbishop Jean-Alexis Chambon, MEP, with Bishops Paul Aijiro Yamaguchi and Marie-Joseph Lemieux serving as co-consecrators. During World War II, Doi served as Executive Director of the National Catholic Central Committee. He was Apostolic Administrator of Yokohama from 1945 to 1947.

Pope John XXIII created him Cardinal Priest of S. Antonio da Padova in Via Merulana in the consistory of March 28, 1960. Doi, hoped by the Vatican to enliven the Church in Japan[1], thus became the first Japanese member of the College of Cardinals. He attended the Second Vatican Council from 1962 to 1965, and was later one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 1963 papal conclave that selected Pope Paul VI.

Doi died in Tokyo, at age 77. He is buried in St. Mary's Cathedral.

Doi, along with Stefan Wyszyński, assisted Paul Meoushi in delivering one of the closing messages of the Second Vatican Council on December 8, 1965[2].


  1. TIME Magazine. Seven New Hats March 14, 1960
  2. Christus Rex. To the Poor, the Sick and the Suffering

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Preceded by
Jean-Alexis Chambon, MEP
Archbishop of Tokyo
Succeeded by
Peter Shirayanagi
ko:도이 다쓰오ja:土井辰雄

no:Peter Tatsuo Doi

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