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Nicolas Poussin - Apollo and Daphne - WGA18261

Peneus averts his gaze as Apollo, pierced by Cupid's arrow of desire, pursues Daphne, transforming into the laurel (Apollo and Daphne, 1625, by Nicolas Poussin).

In Greek mythology, Peneus (pronounced: /pəˈniːəs/; Greek: Πηνειός) was a Phessalian river god, one of the three thousand Rivers (Potamoi), a child of and Tethys.[1] The nymph Creusa bore him one son, Hypseus, who was King of the Lapiths,[2][3] and three daughters, Menippe (mother of Phrastor by Pelasgus),[4] Daphne[5][6] and Stilbe.[2] He also had a son Atrax with Bura,[7] and Andreus with an unknown consort.[8] Tricce, eponym of the city Tricca, was mentioned as his daughter.[9] Some sources state that he was the father of Cyrene,[10][11] alternately known as his granddaughter through Hypseus. Daphne, in an Arcadian version of the myth, was, instead, the daughter of the river god Ladon.[12][13][14]

Eros shot Apollo with one of his arrows, causing him to fall in love with Daphne. It was Eros's plan that Daphne would scorn Apollo because Eros was angry that Apollo had made fun of his archery skills. Eros also claimed to be irritated by Apollo's singing. Daphne prayed to the river god Peneus to help her. He changed her into a laurel tree, which later became sacred to Apollo.


  1. Hesiod, Theogony, 343
  2. 2.0 2.1 Diodorus Siculus, Library of History, 4. 69. 1
  3. Pindar, Pythian Ode 9
  4. Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Roman Antiquities 1. 28
  5. Ovid, Metamorphoses 1.452
  6. Hyginus, Fabulae 203
  7. Stephanus of Byzantium s. v. Atrax
  8. Pausanias, Description of Greece 9. 34. 6
  9. Stephanus of Byzantium s. v. Trikkē
  10. Hyginus, Fabulae 161
  11. Virgil Georgics 4. 320
  12. Pausanias 10.7.8
  13. Statius Thebaid 4.289
  14. Nonnus Dionysiaca 42. 386

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This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original article was at Peneus. The list of authors can be seen in the page history.

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