| File:Patrick McLaughlin.gif|
|Died||1988 in London|
|Church||Church of England, later, Roman Catholic Church|
|Education||Bromsgrove School and Worcester College, Oxford|
|Writings||The Necessity of Worship and The Death of God|
|Spouse||Olive Marion McConnell|
Patrick McLaughlin (1909 – 1988) was an Anglican priest and Christian thinker who resigned the priesthood of the Church of England in 1962 and became a Roman Catholic. While he was a priest, he was known (in the Anglo-Catholic manner) as Father Patrick McLaughlin. He later became a lay brother of the Order of Saint Benedict.
Early life and background
The son of the Reverend Alfred Harry McLaughlin (1852 – 1935) and his second wife, Jessie Mabel Vale (called May), McLauglin was born in 1909 while his father was Vicar of Much Birch, Herefordshire. His mother was the daughter of the Rev. John Bartholomew Vale (1823-96), Rector of Crostwight, Norfolk, and of his wife Clara (1836-1919). His father retired to Malvern in 1913.
The only child of his parents' marriage, Patrick McLaughlin had two older half-sisters, Owyne Salwey McLaughlin (1885 – 1972) and Margaret Joy Crofton McLaughlin (1887 – 1972). Their sister, Cecil Urwick McLaughlin, born in 1880, had died in 1896.
McLaughlin's paternal grandparents were the Very Reverend Hubert McLaughlin (1805 – 1882) and Frederica Crofton (1816 – 1881), a daughter of Sir Edward Crofton, 3rd Baronet, and of Lady Charlotte Stewart (1785 – 1842), the youngest of the five daughters of John Stewart, 7th Earl of Galloway. Hubert McLaughlin was Rector of Burford, Shropshire, a Rural Dean, and Prebendary of Hunderton in Hereford Cathedral, and was the author of Biographical Sketches of Ancient Irish Saints, etc. (1874). Hubert and Frederica Crofton had no fewer than eight sons and four daughters. Of their sons, one became a major general, one a judge, one agent to the Earl of Feversham, and two (including Patrick McLaughlin's father Alfred) clergymen of the Church of England, while Patrick McLaughlin's aunts included the nurses Louisa Elisabeth McLaughlin and Sophia Charlotte McLaughlin.
One of McLaughlin's first cousins was a namesake who became Rear-Admiral Patrick McLaughlin CB DSO RN. In 1945, as Vice-Admiral commanding the 4th Cruiser Squadron of the British Pacific Fleet, he took the surrender of the Japanese forces in Hong Kong.
McLaughlin was educated at Bromsgrove School and then at Worcester College, Oxford. While at Oxford, he was an active member of the Oxford University Dramatic Society, and as a fresh-faced young man he was often cast in female roles. However, he resisted the possibility of becoming an actor, at a time when acting was not altogether seen as a respectable profession.
As Vicar of St Thomas's, Regent Street, London (a church now closed), he brought theatre into his church by staging plays by (among others) Christopher Fry and Ronald Duncan, until he was asked by the Lord Chamberlain's Office to desist. He was also Warden of St Anne's House, Soho, in a West End sister parish of St Thomas's, a part of London famous for its night life and entertainments. At St Anne's, Soho, McLaughlin sponsored a Musicolour dance performance designed by Gordon Pask.
In Soho, McLaughlin and the Vicar of St Anne's Father Gilbert Shaw founded, and McLaughlin directed, the Society of St Anne's, which was active between 1942 and 1958 and which promoted links between the Church and the world of literature. The Society was begun late in 1942, when McLaughlin and Shaw asked the Bishop of London (Geoffrey Fisher, later Archbishop of Canterbury) for permission to use the St Anne's clergy house as a kind of mission centre for thinking pagans. Fisher agreed, and Dorothy L. Sayers was asked to give the new Society's first course of lectures, then T. S. Eliot the second. The location of St Anne's, near to the theatres, colleges and restaurants around Bloomsbury and also to the Inns of Court, was ideal for such an intellectual outreach programme, and the Society soon included C. S. Lewis, Agatha Christie, Father Max Petitpierre, Charles Williams, Arnold Bennett and Rose Macaulay, as well as T. S. Eliot and Dorothy L. Sayers, among its members. Others who contributed to it from time to time included John Betjeman, Iris Murdoch, Lord David Cecil, Rebecca West and Christopher Dawson.
When Sayers died in 1958, McLaughlin conducted the burial of her ashes under the tower of St Anne's church.
With Father Gilbert Shaw, McLaughlin is thought to be part of the inspiration for the character of Father Hugh Chantry-Pigg in Rose Macaulay's novel The Towers of Trebizond (1956). Macaulay described McLaughlin as a "many-sided kind of priest, whom I like".
McLaughlin introduced into England the 'Basilican mode', in which the priest, while at the altar, faces the congregation with his back to the altar, instead of facing the altar with his back to the congregation. This liturgical innovation was widely adopted in the Church of England some twenty years later. However, he found the Church of England (and the then Bishop of London, Robert Stopford) increasingly hard to live with, and in 1962 McLaughlin resigned his Anglican orders. He subsequently went to live in Rome, taking a job as a translator for the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. While in Rome, he joined the Roman Catholic Church, became a lay brother of the Order of St Benedict, and the Melkite Greek Catholic Church appointed him a knight of its Patriarchal Order of the Holy Cross of Jerusalem.
Returning in his last years to London, McLaughlin became a Brother of Charterhouse at Sutton's Hospital when he was not travelling the world. When he died in 1988, he was buried with his wife in a graveyard belonging to Charterhouse at St Mary's, Little Hallingbury, Essex.
Marriage and descendants
In 1932, McLaughlin married Olive Marion McConnell (1906-73), a daughter of William Haydn McConnell, organist and music teacher. His wife was herself an Associate of the Royal College of Music who played the piano, the oboe and the viola. Together, they had three sons and two daughters. These were:
- Julian Aubyn Crofton McLaughlin (born 1933, a time and motion consultant, who married Sheila Guilford in 1958, had four children, Anthony, David, Gillian and Nicholas, and died in 1968).
- Brigid Joy McLaughlin (born 1935, married Peter Crosby Smith in 1965, was divorced in 1974, and married secondly Dr Howard Reeve, 1981)
- Diarmid Patrick Vale McLaughlin (born 1937, a director of the European Commission, married Monica Voisin in 1964, was divorced in 2002, and has one child, Guillaume McLaughlin, born 1968)
- Roger O'Brien McLaughlin (born 1939, a financial advisor, who married Leigh Bateson in 1965, had three children, Crofton, Shauna, and Patrick, and died in 1994)
- Juliet Marie-Therese McLaughlin (born 1940, married David Oswald in 1961, died 26 July 2008, and had four children, Zandra, Peter, James and Duncan)
Through his grandmother Frederica Crofton, McLaughlin was descended from the Earls of Galloway and of Dundonald, from the first Earl of Dunmore, the first Marquess of Atholl, the Earls of Derby and the second Earl of Cumberland and his wife Lady Eleanor Brandon. Lady Eleanor was the daughter of the first Duke of Suffolk and of Mary Tudor, Queen Dowager of France, who was a daughter of King Henry VII. McLaughlin's ancestors thus included many medieval kings and queens of England and of other European countries.
- ↑ 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 Christian Thinker Unfrocked Himself at harrymclaughlin.com (accessed 20 March 2008)
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Reverend Alfred Harry McLaughlin at thepeerage.com (accessed 21 May 2008)
- ↑ Rev. Alfred McLaughlin at harrymclaughlin.com (accessed 20 March 2008)
- ↑ Rev. Hubert McLaughlin at harrymclaughlin.com (accessed 23 March 2008)
- ↑ McLaughlin, Rev. Hubert, Biographical Sketches of Ancient Irish Saints (London, William Hunt & Co., 1874, 240 pp)
- ↑ Active Service in the Crimean War: Major-General Edward McLaughlin (1838 – 1912) at harrymclaughlin.com (accessed 23 May 2008)
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 Very Rev. Hubert McLaughlin at thepeerage.com (accessed 21 May 2008)
- ↑ Agent to an Earl: William George McLaughlin (1839-1919) at harrymclaughlin.com (accessed 23 May 2008)
- ↑ First British Red Cross Nurse at harrymclaughlin.com (accessed 23 May 2008)
- ↑ Sophia McLaughlin at harrymclaughlin.com (accessed 23 May 2008)
- ↑ Admiral Took Japanese Surrender at harrymclaughlin.com (accessed 23 May 2008)
- ↑ 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.5 12.6 12.7 Patrick McLaughlin, obituary in The Times newspaper of London, 23 July 1988, p. 12
- ↑ 13.0 13.1 History of St Anne's, Soho online at stannes-soho.org.uk (accessed 20 March 2008)
- ↑ Brabazon, James, Dorothy L. Sayers: The life of a courageous woman (London, Victor Gollancz Ltd., 1981)
- ↑ 15.0 15.1 15.2 Dale, Alzina Stone, T.S. Eliot: The Philosopher Poet (iUniverse, 2004, ISBN 0595334563) p. 156
- ↑ Take away the camel, and all is revealed by Barbara Reynolds at anglicansonline.org (accessed 20 March 2008)
- ↑ The statement at a page of the georgetown.edu web site on the Bruno Scott James Papers (accessed 21 March 2008) that while in Rome McLaughlin also taught at the Collegio Sant'Anselmo has not been confirmed by the college.
- ↑ Olive Marion McConnell at thepeerage.com (accessed 21 March 2008)
- ↑ Patrick McLaughlin at thepeerage.com (accessed 21 March 2008)
- ↑ Julian Aubyn Crofton McLaughlin at thepeerage.com (accessed 21 March 2008)
- ↑ Brigid Joy McLaughlin at thepeerage.com (accessed 21 March 2008)
- ↑ Diarmid Patrick Vale McLaughlin at thepeerage.com (accessed 21 March 2008)
- ↑ Roger O'Brien McLaughlin at thepeerage.com (accessed 21 March 2008)
- ↑ Juliet Marie-Therese McLaughlin at thepeerage.com (accessed 21 March 2008)
- ↑ McLaughlin descent from King Edward I at harrymclaughlin.com (accessed 23 May 2008)
- ↑ McLaughlin, Patrick, The Necessity of Worship (London: Dacre Press, 1940, reprinted 1943, 118 pp)
- ↑ McLaughlin, Patrick, The Death of God (London: Dacre Press, 1949, 31 pp, British Library shelfmark W17/2226 DSC)