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Patriarchate of Peć

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Medieval Monuments in Kosovo*
UNESCO World Heritage Site

PeckaPCrkva
State Party Serbian
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iii, iv
Reference 724
Region** Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 2004  (28th Session)
Extensions 2006
Endangered 2006-
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
** Region as classified by UNESCO.
Patriarchate of Peć
Pecka Patrijarsija 1
Shot of Orthodox monastery from gardens. Located in Kosovo region of Serbia. One of the earliest examples of both Byzantine and Boroque in the region, it's gardens dating back to Roman times.
Monastery information
Full Name Пећка патријаршија or Pećka Patrijaršija
Order Serbian Orthodox
Established XII century
Mother house (Former Žiča)
Diocese Eparchy of Raška and Prizren
Controlled churches The Church of the Apostles, The Church of st. Demetrius, The Church of the Virgin Hodegitria, The Church of st. Nicholas
People
Founder Saint Sava, Archbishop Arsenije I
Important associated figures Saint Sava, Archbishop Arsenije I, Archbishop Nikodim, Archbishop Danilo II,
Site
Location Near Peć, Kosovo[a], Serbia
Coordinates Coordinates: 42°39′40″N 20°15′58″E / 42.661°N 20.266°E / 42.661; 20.266
Public Access Yes

The Patriarchate of Peć (Serbian: Пећка патријаршија or Pećka Patrijaršija; Albanian: Patrikana e Pejës) is a Serbian Orthodox monastery located near Peć. The complex of churches is the spiritual seat and mausoleum of the Serbian archbishops and patriarchs.

In 1990, Patriarchate of Peć was added to Serbian "Monument of Culture of Great Importance" list, and on July 13, 2006 it was placed on UNESCO's World Heritage List as an extension of the Visoki Dečani site which was overall placed on the List of World Heritage Sites in danger.

Foundation

The precise date of the foundation of the Patriarchate is unknown. It is thought that while Saint Sava was still alive that the site became a metoh (land owned and governed by a monastery) of Žiča monastery, then the seat of the Serbian archbishopric.

Archbishop Arsenije I built the Church of the Holy Apostles, as he wanted the seat of the Serbian Church to be at a more secure location and closer to the centre of the country. Soon, around 1250, he ordered it decoration. Archbishop Nikodim I built the Church of Saint Demetrius around 1320, north of the other church. A decade later, around 1330, his successor, Archbishop Danilo II built a third church, south of the original one - the Church of the Holy Virgin Hodegetria to the south of which he added the small Church of Saint Nicholas. In front of the three main churches, he then raised a monumental narthex. In front of the narthex he built a tower. In the time of Archbishop Joanakije II, around 1345, the hitherto undecorated Church of Saint Demetrius was decorated with frescoes.

During the 14th century, small modifications were made to Church of the Holy Apostles, so some parts were decorated later. From the 13th to the 15th century, and in the 17th century, the Serbian Patriarchs and Archbishops of Peć were buried in the churches of the Patriarchate.

Restoration

Restoration of the complex began in June 2006 and was completed in November 2006. The main aim was to protect the complex from the weather, as well as to repair the inner walls and exterior appearance. Two previously unknown frescoes were uncovered on the north facade of the Church of St. Demtrios, of a Serbian queen and nobleman. [1]

See also

Notes and references

Notes:

a.   ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the self-proclaimed Republic of Kosovo. The Assembly of Kosovo unilaterally declared its independence on 17 February 2008]], a move that is recognised by 65 of the 192 UN member states and the Republic of China (Taiwan), but not by other UN member states. Serbia claims it as part of its own sovereign territory.

References:

External links

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